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Bank market power, economic growth and financial stability: Evidence from Asian banks

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  • Soedarmono, Wahyoe
  • Machrouh, Fouad
  • Tarazi, Amine

Abstract

This paper examines whether Asian banks are still prone to moral hazard in the aftermath of the 1997 Asian crisis. Using a sample of commercial banks from 12 Asian countries during the 2001–2007 period, our empirical findings highlight that greater market power in the banking market results in higher instability. Although banks are better capitalized in less competitive markets their default risk remains higher. A deeper investigation however shows that such behaviour is dependent on the economic environment. Higher economic growth contributes to neutralize greater risk taking and higher instability in less competitive markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Soedarmono, Wahyoe & Machrouh, Fouad & Tarazi, Amine, 2011. "Bank market power, economic growth and financial stability: Evidence from Asian banks," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(6), pages 460-470.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:asieco:v:22:y:2011:i:6:p:460-470
    DOI: 10.1016/j.asieco.2011.08.003
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    Cited by:

    1. Widede Labidi & Sami Mensi, 2015. "Does Banking Market Power Matter on Financial (In)Stability? Evidence from the Banking Industry MENA Region," Working Papers 908, Economic Research Forum, revised May 2015.
    2. Labidi, Widede & Mensi, Sami, 2015. "Does Banking Market Power Matter on Financial (In)Stability? Evidence from the Banking Industry MENA Region," MPRA Paper 62190, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 Feb 2015.
    3. Meslier, Céline & Risfandy, Tastaftiyan & Tarazi, Amine, 2017. "Dual market competition and deposit rate setting in Islamic and conventional banks," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 318-333.
    4. Soedarmono, Wahyoe & Machrouh, Fouad & Tarazi, Amine, 2013. "Bank competition, crisis and risk taking: Evidence from emerging markets in Asia," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 196-221.
    5. Scott J. Niblock & Panha Heng & Keith Sloan, 2014. "Regional stock markets and the economic development of Southeast Asia," Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government, The Australian National University, vol. 28(1), pages 47-59, May.
    6. Wahyoe Soedarmono & Amine Tarazi & Agusman Agusman & Gary S. Monroe & Dominic Gasbarro, 2016. "Loan Loss Provisions and Lending Behavior of Banks: Do Information Sharing and Borrower Legal Rights Matter?," Working Papers hal-01316717, HAL.
    7. Fu, Xiaoqing (Maggie) & Lin, Yongjia (Rebecca) & Molyneux, Philip, 2014. "Bank competition and financial stability in Asia Pacific," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 64-77.
    8. Syed Faizan Iftikhar, 2015. "Financial Reforms and Financial Fragility: A Panel Data Analysis," International Journal of Financial Studies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(2), pages 1-18, April.
    9. Nguyen, My & Skully, Michael & Perera, Shrimal, 2012. "Bank market power and revenue diversification: Evidence from selected ASEAN countries," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(6), pages 688-700.
    10. Kabir, Md. Nurul & Worthington, Andrew C., 2017. "The ‘competition–stability/fragility’ nexus: A comparative analysis of Islamic and conventional banks," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 111-128.
    11. Mohammad Bitar & Amine Tarazi, 2018. "Creditor rights and bank capital decisions: Conventional vs. Islamic banking," Working Papers hal-01710016, HAL.
    12. Wahyoe Soedarmono & Romora Edward Sitorus & Amine Tarazi, 2015. "Bank charter value, systemic risk and credit reporting systems: Evidence from the Asia-Pacific region," Working Papers hal-01174111, HAL.
    13. repec:eee:ecmode:v:64:y:2017:i:c:p:513-523 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Nguyen, My & Perera, Shrimal & Skully, Michael, 2016. "Bank market power, ownership, regional presence and revenue diversification: Evidence from Africa," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 36-62.
    15. Fu, Xiaoqing (Maggie) & Lin, Yongjia (Rebecca) & Molyneux, Philip, 2014. "Bank efficiency and shareholder value in Asia Pacific," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 200-222.
    16. Reddy, Kotapati Srinivasa & Nangia, Vinay Kumar & Agrawal, Rajat, 2013. "Indian economic-policy reforms, bank mergers, and lawful proposals: The ex-ante and ex-post ‘lookup’," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 601-622.
    17. repec:eee:jebusi:v:96:y:2018:i:c:p:15-41 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. repec:eee:riibaf:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:1455-1466 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Chileshe, Patrick Mumbi, 2017. "Bank competition and financial system stability in a developing economy: does bank capitalization and size matter?," MPRA Paper 82758, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Tastaftiyan Risfandy & Amine Tarazi & Irwan Trinugroho, 2018. "Competition in dual markets: Implications for banking system stability," Working Papers hal-01757982, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Market power; Financial fragility; Economic growth; Asian banks;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms

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