Modeling the transition towards a sustainable energy production in developing nations
The paper investigates how renewable technologies could promote the transition towards a sustainable energy production in developing nations. Based on two different developing nations in terms of economic, technological and institutional structure: South Africa and Senegal, we implemented scenarios in a bottom-up PowerPlan model in order to analyze the transition toward a sustainable electric production. Two scenarios have been considered: a business-as-usual (BAU) and a hybrid renewable energy (HRE) scenario. In the first scenario (BAU) we assume that the electricity demand is entirely satisfied by an increase of the investment in the current supply structure based on fossil-fuel energy source. Whereas in the renewable energy scenario, we assume 20% and 30% of the electricity supply being generated from renewable resources by 2020 and 2030 respectively. Focusing on wind and solar photovoltaic technologies, our results show the cost-competitiveness of renewable energy deployment in South Africa. In the case of Senegal, our results show that fossil-fuel resource remains the most competitive to generate electricity in the nation during the next coming years as long as environmental advantages of renewable resource are not considered. Our research indicates that in the case of a centralized electricity supply option, both a scale effect and a learning improvement could eventually strengthen the competitiveness of renewable technology deployment in developing nations.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Volume (Year): 94 (2012)
Issue (Month): C ()
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/405891/description#description|
|Order Information:|| Postal: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/405891/bibliographic|
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- George, Mel & Banerjee, Rangan, 2011. "A methodology for analysis of impacts of grid integration of renewable energy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 1265-1276, March.
- Thiam, Djiby-Racine, 2010. "Renewable decentralized in developing countries: Appraisal from microgrids project in Senegal," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(8), pages 1615-1623.
- Winkler, Harald, 2005. "Renewable energy policy in South Africa: policy options for renewable electricity," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 27-38, January.
- Frei, Christoph W. & Haldi, Pierre-Andre & Sarlos, Gerard, 2003. "Dynamic formulation of a top-down and bottom-up merging energy policy model," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(10), pages 1017-1031, August.
- Brew-Hammond, Abeeku, 2010. "Energy access in Africa: Challenges ahead," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(5), pages 2291-2301, May.
- Bhattacharyya, Subhes C., 2010. "Shaping a sustainable energy future for India: Management challenges," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 4173-4185, August.
- Wing, Ian Sue, 2006. "The synthesis of bottom-up and top-down approaches to climate policy modeling: Electric power technologies and the cost of limiting US CO2 emissions," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(18), pages 3847-3869, December.
- Pachauri, Shonali & Jiang, Leiwen, 2008. "The household energy transition in India and China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 4022-4035, November.
- Winkler, Harald & Hughes, Alison & Haw, Mary, 2009. "Technology learning for renewable energy: Implications for South Africa's long-term mitigation scenarios," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4987-4996, November.
- Marcotullio, Peter J. & Schulz, Niels B., 2007. "Comparison of Energy Transitions in the United States and Developing and Industrializing Economies," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 35(10), pages 1650-1683, October.
- van der Plas, Robert J & Hankins, Mark, 1998. "Solar electricity in Africa: a reality," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 295-305, March.
- Urban, F. & Benders, R.M.J. & Moll, H.C., 2007. "Modelling energy systems for developing countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 3473-3482, June.
- Bhattacharyya, Subhes C., 2006. "Energy access problem of the poor in India: Is rural electrification a remedy?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(18), pages 3387-3397, December.
- Chineke, Theo Chidiezie & Ezike, Fabian M., 2010. "Political will and collaboration for electric power reform through renewable energy in Africa," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 678-684, January.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:94:y:2012:i:c:p:98-108. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.