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Bioenergy potential from crop residue biomass in India


  • Hiloidhari, Moonmoon
  • Das, Dhiman
  • Baruah, D.C.


Biomass based energy generation is one of the major focus areas of renewable energy programs in India. The strength of India's biomass resources mostly lies in the agricultural sector. A large quantity of crop residue biomass is generated in India. However, crop residue biomasses are distributed resources with variation in spatio-temporal availability and its characteristics. Competing uses of residues also vary geographically. Therefore, local biomass databases are important for decentralized bioenergy programs. However, in India, state wise crop level biomass database is limited. The present paper assessed crop residue biomass and subsequently bioenergy potential in all the 28 states of India using crop statistics and standard procedure. A total of 39 residues from 26 crops cultivated in India are considered for the study. Overall, India produces 686MT gross crop residue biomass on annual basis, of which 234MT (34% of gross) are estimated as surplus for bioenergy generation. At state level, Uttar Pradesh produces the highest amount of crop residue amongst all the 28 states. Amongst all the crops, sugarcane produces the highest amount of surplus residue followed by rice. The estimated annual bioenergy potential from the surplus crop residue biomass is 4.15EJ, equivalent to 17% of India's total primary energy consumption. There exists variation from 679MJ (West Bengal) to 16,840MJ (Punjab) of per capita crop residue bioenergy potential amongst the states of India. The information generated in this study is expected to be useful for decentralized crop residue based energy planning by the states of India which in turn would positively influence the overall renewable energy growth in India.

Suggested Citation

  • Hiloidhari, Moonmoon & Das, Dhiman & Baruah, D.C., 2014. "Bioenergy potential from crop residue biomass in India," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 504-512.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:32:y:2014:i:c:p:504-512
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.01.025

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Brahma, Antara & Saikia, Kangkana & Hiloidhari, Moonmoon & Baruah, D.C., 2016. "GIS based planning of a biomethanation power plant in Assam, India," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 596-608.
    2. Shane, Agabu & Gheewala, Shabbir H. & Fungtammasan, Bundit & Silalertruksa, Thapat & Bonnet, Sébastien & Phiri, Seveliano, 2016. "Bioenergy resource assessment for Zambia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 93-104.
    3. Singh, Jaswinder, 2016. "A roadmap for production of sustainable, consistent and reliable electric power from agricultural biomass- An Indian perspective," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 246-254.
    4. repec:eee:rensus:v:80:y:2017:i:c:p:23-43 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Singh, Jaswinder, 2016. "Identifying an economic power production system based on agricultural straw on regional basis in India," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 1140-1155.
    6. Natarajan, Karthikeyan & Latva-Käyrä, Petri & Zyadin, Anas & Pelkonen, Paavo, 2016. "New methodological approach for biomass resource assessment in India using GIS application and land use/land cover (LULC) maps," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 256-268.
    7. repec:eee:rensus:v:81:y:2018:i:p2:p:2783-2795 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Mosaddek Hossen, Md. & Sazedur Rahman, A.H.M. & Kabir, Afsana Sara & Faruque Hasan, M.M. & Ahmed, Shoeb, 2017. "Systematic assessment of the availability and utilization potential of biomass in Bangladesh," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 94-105.
    9. Ji, Li-Qun, 2015. "An assessment of agricultural residue resources for liquid biofuel production in China," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 561-575.
    10. repec:eee:rensus:v:81:y:2018:i:p1:p:693-706 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Singh, Jaswinder, 2015. "Overview of electric power potential of surplus agricultural biomass from economic, social, environmental and technical perspective—A case study of Punjab," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 286-297.
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    16. Al-Hamamre, Zayed & Saidan, Motasem & Hararah, Muhanned & Rawajfeh, Khaled & Alkhasawneh, Hussam E. & Al-Shannag, Mohammad, 2017. "Wastes and biomass materials as sustainable-renewable energy resources for Jordan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 295-314.
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    19. Christoforou, Elias & Kylili, Angeliki & Fokaides, Paris A., 2016. "Technical and economical evaluation of olive mills solid waste pellets," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 96(PA), pages 33-41.
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