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The Economic impact of different carbon tax revenue recycling schemes in China: A model-based scenario analysis


  • Liu, Yu
  • Lu, Yingying


As an important policy instrument for climate mitigation, the carbon tax policy design and its consequent social-economic impact calls for more research. In this paper, a dynamic Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model – CASIPM-GE model is applied to explore the impact of a carbon tax and different tax revenue recycling schemes on China’s economy. Simulation results show that the carbon tax is effective to reduce carbon emissions with mild impact on China’s macro economy. In particular, a production tax deduction can be used to recycle the carbon tax revenue if the government wants to reduce the cost of a carbon tax; however, a consumption tax deduction may help the economy to restructure and may benefit the long-run emissions reduction. In terms of industrial output, most industries are negatively affected; sectors with large share of exports are subjected to negative shocks if there is consumption tax deduction financed by the carbon tax revenue. The study suggests that carbon revenue recycling scheme is important in designing the carbon tax policy: a well-designed scheme can help reduce the cost of a carbon tax.

Suggested Citation

  • Liu, Yu & Lu, Yingying, 2015. "The Economic impact of different carbon tax revenue recycling schemes in China: A model-based scenario analysis," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 141(C), pages 96-105.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:141:y:2015:i:c:p:96-105 DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.12.032

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Liu, Yu & Tan, Xiu-Jie & Yu, Yang & Qi, Shao-Zhou, 2017. "Assessment of impacts of Hubei Pilot emission trading schemes in China – A CGE-analysis using TermCO2 model," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 189(C), pages 762-769.
    2. repec:eee:appene:v:211:y:2018:i:c:p:1021-1029 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:kap:jgeosy:v:19:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s10109-017-0254-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Wesseh, Presley K. & Lin, Boqiang, 2016. "Modeling environmental policy with and without abatement substitution: A tradeoff between economics and environment?," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 167(C), pages 34-43.
    5. Fang, Guochang & Tian, Lixin & Fu, Min & Sun, Mei & Du, Ruijin & Liu, Menghe, 2017. "Investigating carbon tax pilot in YRD urban agglomerations—Analysis of a novel ESER system with carbon tax constraints and its application," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 194(C), pages 635-647.
    6. Bowen Xiao & Dongxiao Niu & Xiaodan Guo & Xiaomin Xu, 2015. "The Impacts of Environmental Tax in China: A Dynamic Recursive Multi-Sector CGE Model," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(8), pages 1-28, July.
    7. Li, Wei & Jia, Zhijie, 2016. "The impact of emission trading scheme and the ratio of free quota: A dynamic recursive CGE model in China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 174(C), pages 1-14.
    8. repec:gam:jeners:v:10:y:2017:i:9:p:1405-:d:111899 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Wang, Qian & Hubacek, Klaus & Feng, Kuishuang & Wei, Yi-Ming & Liang, Qiao-Mei, 2016. "Distributional effects of carbon taxation," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 184(C), pages 1123-1131.
    10. Chen, Zi-yue & Nie, Pu-yan, 2016. "Effects of carbon tax on social welfare: A case study of China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 183(C), pages 1607-1615.
    11. Chiu, Fan-Ping & Kuo, Hsiao-I. & Chen, Chi-Chung & Hsu, Chia-Sheng, 2015. "The energy price equivalence of carbon taxes and emissions trading—Theory and evidence," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 160(C), pages 164-171.
    12. Duarte, Rosa & Feng, Kuishuang & Hubacek, Klaus & Sánchez-Chóliz, Julio & Sarasa, Cristina & Sun, Laixiang, 2016. "Modeling the carbon consequences of pro-environmental consumer behavior," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 184(C), pages 1207-1216.
    13. repec:eee:appene:v:204:y:2017:i:c:p:509-524 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. David Oliveira & Isabel Mendes, 2017. "Green Taxation on Competitiveness: The Effect of the ISP Tax on the Portuguese Retail Sector of Road Fuels," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 7(1), pages 178-184.
    15. repec:eee:appene:v:197:y:2017:i:c:p:270-278 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Wesseh, Presley K. & Lin, Boqiang & Atsagli, Philip, 2017. "Carbon taxes, industrial production, welfare and the environment," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 305-313.
    17. repec:chb:bcchec:v:20:y:2017:i:1:p:004-025 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Bowen Xiao & Dongxiao Niu & Han Wu & Haichao Wang, 2017. "Marginal Abatement Cost of CO 2 in China Based on Directional Distance Function: An Industry Perspective," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(1), pages 1-19, January.
    19. repec:eee:rensus:v:77:y:2017:i:c:p:596-603 is not listed on IDEAS


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