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Designing learning curves for carbon capture based on chemical absorption according to the minimum work of separation

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  • Rochedo, Pedro R.R.
  • Szklo, Alexandre

Abstract

Carbon capture is one of the most important alternatives for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions in energy facilities. The post-combustion route based on chemical absorption with amine solvents is the most feasible alternative for the short term. However, this route implies in huge energy penalties, mainly related to the solvent regeneration. By defining the minimum work of separation (MWS), this study estimated the minimum energy required to capture the CO2 emitted by coal-fired thermal power plants. Then, by evaluating solvents and processes and comparing it to the MWS, it proposes the learning model with the best fit for the post-combustion chemical absorption of CO2. Learning models are based on earnings from experience, which can include the intensity of research and development. In this study, three models are tested: Wright, DeJong and D&L. Findings of the thermochemical analysis indicated a MWS of 0.158GJ/t for post-combustion. Conventional solvents currently present an energy penalty eight times the MWS. By using the MWS as a constraint, this study found that the D&L provided the best fit to the available data of chemical solvents and absorption plants. The learning rate determined through this model is very similar to the ones found in the literature.

Suggested Citation

  • Rochedo, Pedro R.R. & Szklo, Alexandre, 2013. "Designing learning curves for carbon capture based on chemical absorption according to the minimum work of separation," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 383-391.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:108:y:2013:i:c:p:383-391
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.03.007
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    1. repec:gam:jeners:v:8:y:2015:i:12:p:14380-14406:d:60873 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Viebahn, Peter & Vallentin, Daniel & Höller, Samuel, 2015. "Prospects of carbon capture and storage (CCS) in China’s power sector – An integrated assessment," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 157(C), pages 229-244.
    3. Yu, Shiwei & Agbemabiese, Lawrence & Zhang, Junjie, 2016. "Estimating the carbon abatement potential of economic sectors in China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 165(C), pages 107-118.
    4. Schakel, Wouter & Meerman, Hans & Talaei, Alireza & Ramírez, Andrea & Faaij, André, 2014. "Comparative life cycle assessment of biomass co-firing plants with carbon capture and storage," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 441-467.
    5. Viebahn, Peter & Vallentin, Daniel & Höller, Samuel, 2014. "Prospects of carbon capture and storage (CCS) in India’s power sector – An integrated assessment," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 117(C), pages 62-75.
    6. Bergesen, Joseph D. & Suh, Sangwon, 2016. "A framework for technological learning in the supply chain: A case study on CdTe photovoltaics," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 169(C), pages 721-728.
    7. Peter Viebahn & Daniel Vallentin & Samuel Höller, 2015. "Integrated Assessment of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in South Africa’s Power Sector," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(12), pages 1-27, December.
    8. Zhang, Yingying & Ji, Xiaoyan & Lu, Xiaohua, 2014. "Energy consumption analysis for CO2 separation from gas mixtures," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 130(C), pages 237-243.
    9. Lucena, André F.P. & Clarke, Leon & Schaeffer, Roberto & Szklo, Alexandre & Rochedo, Pedro R.R. & Nogueira, Larissa P.P. & Daenzer, Kathryn & Gurgel, Angelo & Kitous, Alban & Kober, Tom, 2016. "Climate policy scenarios in Brazil: A multi-model comparison for energy," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 564-574.

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