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The social and other impacts of a cattle/crop innovation in Cambodia

  • Maxwell, T.W.
  • Songly, You
  • Ung, Boratana
  • Peou, Leakhna
  • Reid, Jenny
Registered author(s):

    Agricultural innovations can create assets in poor rural communities but there are few studies of the wider, especially social, impact of such innovations. Farm families, previously engaged in “cut and carry” of wild forage, created time savings by their adoption of forage banks to feed cattle. What they did with this time was not known and this is the focus of this exploratory study as a result of the introduction of a “forage crop based production system” (FCP) in Cambodia. Based on interviews in two villages of farmers themselves and of teachers, the study confirmed that adopter farmers achieved considerable time savings, compared to non-adopters, resulting in agricultural, economic and cultural outcomes. Farmers reported better cattle production and grew cash crops while others developed local services. However, perhaps the major outcome was social, that is, their primary and secondary children’s schooling. Parents reported children experienced time savings converted into considerably better attendance and less lateness. Teachers reportedly agreed and added better attitudes and progress. The results were achieved through a greater understanding of the farmer’s relationship with project grass and legume growth and cattle management particularly during periods of feed deficit. Suggestions for further research are made.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308521X11001582
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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Agricultural Systems.

    Volume (Year): 107 (2012)
    Issue (Month): C ()
    Pages: 83-91

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:agisys:v:107:y:2012:i:c:p:83-91
    DOI: 10.1016/j.agsy.2011.10.008
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/agsy

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    1. Devendra, C. & Sevilla, C. C., 2002. "Availability and use of feed resources in crop-animal systems in Asia," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 71(1-2), pages 59-73.
    2. World Bank, 2005. "Cambodia : Quality Basic Education for All," World Bank Other Operational Studies 8643, The World Bank.
    3. Paris, Thelma R., 2002. "Crop-animal systems in Asia: socio-economic benefits and impacts on rural livelihoods," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 71(1-2), pages 147-168.
    4. Stur, W. W. & Horne, P. M. & Gabunada Jr., F. A. & Phengsavanh, P. & Kerridge, P. C., 2002. "Forage options for smallholder crop-animal systems in Southeast Asia: working with farmers to find solutions," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 71(1-2), pages 75-98.
    5. Horton, Douglas & Mackay, Ronald, 2003. "Using evaluation to enhance institutional learning and change: recent experiences with agricultural research and development," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 78(2), pages 127-142, November.
    6. Chae‐Young Kim, 2011. "Children's work and the life skills education policy in Cambodia," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(2), pages 262-273, March.
    7. Walker, Tom & Ryan, Jim & Kelley, Tim, 2010. "Impact Assessment of Policy-Oriented International Agricultural Research: Evidence and Insights from Case Studies," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(10), pages 1453-1461, October.
    8. Thomas, D. & Zerbini, E. & Parthasarathy Rao, P. & Vaidyanathan, A., 2002. "Increasing animal productivity on small mixed farms in South Asia: a systems perspective," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 71(1-2), pages 41-57.
    9. Heady, Christopher, 2003. "The Effect of Child Labor on Learning Achievement," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 385-398, February.
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