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Financial Development and Energy Consumption Nexus in 32 Belt and Road Economies


  • Kudaybergenov Janpolat

    (Yeoju Technical Institute in Tashkent, Uzbekistan)

  • Shoirahon Odilova

    (Yeoju Technical Institute in Tashkent, Uzbekistan)

  • Abdusalomova Nodira

    (Tashkent State University of Economics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan,)

  • Raufhon Salahodjaev

    (AKFA University, Tashkent, Uzbekistan)

  • Anastas Khachaturov

    (ERGO Analytics, Uzbekistan,)


Current study sheds the light on the financial development-energy nexus in 32 Belt and Road economies during 2000-2015. Financial development is proxied by domestic credit to private sector. We first examine the order of integration by employing five different panel unit-root tests. Further, we confirm long-term relationship between the variables by running Pedroni and Kao panel cointegration tests. Fully Modified Ordinary Least Squares (FMOLS) regression reveal positive long-term relationship between financial development and energy use. Results of Dumitrescu-Hurlin panel causality test fail to reveal causal relationship between financial development and energy in our sample.

Suggested Citation

  • Kudaybergenov Janpolat & Shoirahon Odilova & Abdusalomova Nodira & Raufhon Salahodjaev & Anastas Khachaturov, 2021. "Financial Development and Energy Consumption Nexus in 32 Belt and Road Economies," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 11(2), pages 368-373.
  • Handle: RePEc:eco:journ2:2021-02-44

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Raufhon Salahodjaev & Kongratbay Sharipov & Nizomiddin Rakhmanov & Dilshod Khabirov, 2022. "Tourism, renewable energy and CO2 emissions: evidence from Europe and Central Asia," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 24(11), pages 13282-13293, November.
    2. Gamze Sart & Mehmet Hilmi Ozkaya & Yilmaz Bayar, 2022. "Education, Financial Development, and Primary Energy Consumption: An Empirical Analysis for BRICS Economies," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(12), pages 1-14, June.
    3. Ding, Yuanyi, 2023. "Does natural resources cause sustainable financial development or resources curse? Evidence from group of seven economies," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 81(C).
    4. Sebastian Majewski & Urszula Mentel & Raufhon Salahodjaev & Marek Cierpiał-Wolan, 2022. "Electricity Consumption and Economic Growth: Evidence from South Asian Countries," Energies, MDPI, vol. 15(4), pages 1-10, February.
    5. Yilmaz Bayar & Mehmet Hilmi Ozkaya & Laura Herta & Marius Dan Gavriletea, 2021. "Financial Development, Financial Inclusion and Primary Energy Use: Evidence from the European Union Transition Economies," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(12), pages 1-14, June.

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    More about this item


    energy consumption; financial development; Belt and Road countries;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity


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