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Permanent Injury and the Disability-Mitigating Effects of Education

Author

Listed:
  • Bruce Cater

    () (Trent University)

  • Sohee Kang

    () (University of Toronto)

  • Byron Lew

    () (Trent University)

  • Marco Pollanen

    () (Trent University)

Abstract

Using data from Ontario, we study the extent to which education mitigates the realized work-disabling effects of permanent occupational injury. Focusing first on the rates of post-injury employment, our results suggest that education has a strong disability-mitigating effect in cases of knee and shoulder injuries, but a smaller effect where workers have experienced permanent back or wrist/finger injuries. A comparison of pre- and post-injury occupations then reveals that education mitigates disability not so much by facilitating job shifting, but rather by enabling the individual to return to the pre-injury occupation. These latter results suggest that education may mitigate disability somewhat indirectly by facilitating the accumulation of occupation-specific human capital that, in turn, compensates for the effects of physical impairment.

Suggested Citation

  • Bruce Cater & Sohee Kang & Byron Lew & Marco Pollanen, 2013. "Permanent Injury and the Disability-Mitigating Effects of Education," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 33(3), pages 2064-2079.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-13-00114
    as

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    File URL: http://www.accessecon.com/Pubs/EB/2013/Volume33/EB-13-V33-I3-P194.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Cater, Bruce I, 2000. "Employment, Wage, and Accommodation Patterns of Permanently Impaired Workers," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 18(1), pages 74-97, January.
    2. Johnson, William G & Ondrich, Jan, 1990. "The Duration of Post-injury Absences from Work," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 72(4), pages 578-586, November.
    3. Campolieti, Michele, 2001. "Recurrence in Workers' Compensation Claims: Estimates from a Multiple Spell Hazard Model," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 23(1), pages 75-94, July.
    4. William P. Curington, 1994. "Compensation for Permanent Impairment and the Duration of Work Absence: Evidence from Four Natural Experiments," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 29(3), pages 888-910.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Permanent Impairment; Disability; Employment; Adaptation;

    JEL classification:

    • I0 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - General
    • J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General

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