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Technological advances and industrial characteristics:Some evidence from developed and developing countries


  • Ram Upendra Das

    () (Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS))


The need of technological advances for competitiveness is rather well known. However, the structural impacts of technological improvements on unemployment remain largely unexplored in the existing literature. The paper analyses the complex interlinkages among technological adaptation, labour productivity gains and scale expansion. It highlights the two opposing effects of technological improvements and labour productivity on employment. The paper demonstrates the role of scale expansion both through the logic and empirical findings. It is argued that to achieve positive employment effects of technological modernization, via productivity gains and scale expansion, a greater degree of global trade and investment integration is needed. It also highlights the need for strengthening labour productivity and wage rate linkages to simultaneously address the supply and demand side effects of technology on economic growth. In nutshell, the paper argues for building on the new growth theories.

Suggested Citation

  • Ram Upendra Das, 2007. "Technological advances and industrial characteristics:Some evidence from developed and developing countries," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 15(4), pages 1-13.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-06o00001

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Leontief, Wassily & Duchin, Faye, 1986. "The Future Impact of Automation on Workers," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195036237.
    2. Paus, Eva A. & Robinson, Michael D., 1997. "The implications of increasing economic openness for real wages in developing countries, 1973-1990," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 537-547, January.
    3. Petit, Pascal, 1993. "Employment and technical change," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 9330, CEPREMAP.
    4. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ram Upendra Das, 2011. "Regional Trade-FDI-Poverty Alleviation Linkages – Some Analytical and Empirical Explorations," Chapters, in: Ulrich Volz (ed.), Regional Integration, Economic Development and Global Governance, chapter 7, Edward Elgar Publishing.

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