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Where Did the Trade Liberalization Drive Latin American Economy: A Cross Section Analysis

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  • Rajagopal

Abstract

The institutional reforms towards trade liberalizations in Latin America during the 1980s and the 1990s have introduced a good measure of import competition, but trade policies alone are not sufficient to create a competitive environment in an economy. Most of the region's economies have changed from restrictive to open policies, but unlike trade liberalization in Europe, most trade barriers in Latin America have been reduced unilaterally. These countries favored free trade to improve their economies in terms of savings, export share, foreign reserves and growth of GNP during the reforms period. After decades of weak growth in Latin American countries, the manufacturing sector exports have shown optimistic results in recent years following the international trade agreements. The proposed study examines the trends of export dynamism in the Latin American countries and attempts to analyze whether the current pace of growth is sustainable. This paper attempts to analyze the extent of trade competitiveness and its impact on the economic welfare measures in the Latin American countries. The analysis concentrates on measuring the economic growth of the Latin American countries during 1950-2003. Nash equilibrium has been calculated to measure the economic welfare gains among the trading blocs in the Latin American region.

Suggested Citation

  • Rajagopal, 2006. "Where Did the Trade Liberalization Drive Latin American Economy: A Cross Section Analysis," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 6(2).
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:aeinde:v:6:y:2006:i:2_7
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Perroni, Carlo & Whalley, John, 1996. "How Severe Is Global Retaliation Risk under Increasing Regionalism?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 57-61, May.
    2. Eva Paus & Nola Reinhardt & Michael Robinson, 2003. "Trade liberalization and productivity growth in latin american manufacturing, 1970-98," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(2), pages 127-127.
    3. Joseph Joyce & Linda Kamas, 2003. "Real and nominal determinants of real exchange rates in Latin America: Short-run dynamics and long-run equilibrium," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(6), pages 155-182.
    4. Talan Iscan, 1998. "Exports and capital accumulation: some empirical evidence from the Mexican manufacturing industry," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(6), pages 355-360.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Christopher E.S. WARBURTON, 2012. "ISI and New Industrial Conditions in Latin America and Africa," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 12(2).
    2. Acharya, Sanjaya, 2011. "Making unilateral trade liberalisation beneficial to the poor," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 60-71, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade competitiveness; institutional reforms; regional growth; trading blocs; investment; economic welfare; exports share;

    JEL classification:

    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies

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