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Investigation of the Factors Affecting Real Exchange Rate in Iran

Author

Listed:
  • Mostafa Goudarzi

    () (Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr, Iran)

  • Komeil Khanarinejad

    () (Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr, Iran)

  • Zahra Ardakani

    () (Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr, Iran)

Abstract

This paper intends to investigate the factors affecting the real exchange rate in Iran in the period of 1978-2008. In this part, the econometric methodology and vector autoregressive model that is known as VAR is used to investigate the effect of proper variables on the real exchange rate. The results of Johansson-Jousilious test confirmed co-integration between variables, and thus long-run equilibrium relationship was confirmed among proper variables. Overall, the impulse and response functions showed that the shocking of variables, oil price and volume of money flows, has a positive impact on the real exchange rate and put it above its permanent level in the whole period of study. The results of variance decomposition showed that the most effects belonged to oil price and then volume of money flow that in fact represents greater relative importance of these variables in comparison with other variables among all model variables.

Suggested Citation

  • Mostafa Goudarzi & Komeil Khanarinejad & Zahra Ardakani, 2012. "Investigation of the Factors Affecting Real Exchange Rate in Iran," Acta Universitatis Danubius. OEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, issue 4(4), pages 55-67, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:dug:actaec:y:2012:i:4:p:55-67
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    File URL: http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/oeconomica/article/view/1299/1229
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Pan Yotopoulos & Yasuyuki Sawada, 2006. "Exchange rate misalignment: a new test of long-run PPP based on cross-country data," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(1-2), pages 127-134.
    2. Takeshi Inoue & Shigeyuki Hamori, 2009. "What Explains Real and Nominal Exchange Rate Fluctuations?: Evidence from SVAR Analysis for India," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 29(4), pages 2803-2815.
    3. Ghura, Dhaneshwar & Grennes, Thomas J., 1993. "The real exchange rate and macroeconomic performance in Sub-Saharan Africa," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 155-174, October.
    4. Tomoe Moore & Eric J. Pentecost, 2006. "The Sources of Real Exchange Rate Fluctuations in India," Indian Economic Review, Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, vol. 41(1), pages 9-23, July.
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