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Nahrungsmittelstandards: ein Vergleich zweier privatwirtschaftlicher Initiativen aus Sicht landwirtschaftlicher Erzeuger

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  • Thomas Herzfeld
  • Ramon Teuber

Abstract

Increasing food safety requirements of Western European and US-American retailers for food imports from developing countries are in the centre of intense debate. Smallholders' access to global value chains and potential dependencies form the core critique. This contribution discusses retailer-driven private international food safety standards within a comparative context. We discuss agricultural producer's motivation to adopt either an organic agricultural standard or a retailer initiated business-to-business standard. Our analysis clearly underlines existing benefits of standards' compliance in both cases. These benefits include monetary rewards as well as non-monetary positive effects of compliance. Sowohl globalisierungskritische Nichtregierungsorganisationen als auch Wissenschaftler kritisieren die zunehmend strengeren Auflagen für importierte Nahrungsmittel europäischer und nordamerikanischer Einzelhandelsketten. Die Diskussion kreist vor allem um die mögliche Benachteiligung kleiner Landwirte in den Entwicklungsländern. Der vorliegende Beitrag analysiert GlobalGAP, einen Businessto- business-Standard, der häufig in dieser Diskussion genannt wird. Die Analyse bedient sich eines Vergleichs mit einem weiteren privatwirtschaftlichen internationalen Standard: dem ökologischen Landbau. Obwohl beide Standards eine sehr unterschiedliche Entstehungsgeschichte aufweisen, bestehen doch auch viele Gemeinsamkeiten. Die Analyse verschiedener empirischer Studien zeigt, dass in beiden Fällen die Umsetzung der jeweiligen Standards auf Ebene des landwirtschaftlichen Betriebes sowohl zu monetären als auch immateriellen Vorteilen führen kann.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas Herzfeld & Ramon Teuber, 2012. "Nahrungsmittelstandards: ein Vergleich zweier privatwirtschaftlicher Initiativen aus Sicht landwirtschaftlicher Erzeuger," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 81(4), pages 111-122.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:81-4-8
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Desquilbet, Marion & Bullock, David S., 2009. "AJAE Appendix for ‘Who Pays the Costs of Non-GMO Segregation and Identity Preservation?’," American Journal of Agricultural Economics Appendices, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 91(3), August.
    2. Jutta Roosen & Jayson L. Lusk & John A. Fox, 2003. "Consumer demand for and attitudes toward alternative beef labeling strategies in France, Germany, and the UK," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(1), pages 77-90.
    3. Giannakas Konstantinos & Kalaitzandonakes Nicholas & Magnier Alexander & Mattas Konstadinos, 2011. "Economic Effects of Purity Standards in Biotech Labeling Laws," Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, De Gruyter, vol. 9(1), pages 1-47, April.
    4. Marion Desquilbet & David S. Bullock, 2003. "Who Pays the Costs of Non-GMO Segregation and Identity Preservation?," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 91(3), pages 656-672.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Food quality standards; Adoption; GlobalGAP; organic agriculture;

    JEL classification:

    • L15 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Information and Product Quality
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade

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