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Subsidizing Low Earnings: German Debates and U.S. Experiences

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  • Waltraud Schelkle

Abstract

Die staatliche Förderung eines Niedriglohnsektors spielt in verschiedenen Debatten über den Zusammenhang von Arbeitslosigkeit und Sozialstaat in Deutschland eine Rolle. In den USA werden rund 15% aller zivilen Erwarbsarbeitsverhältnisse durch ein Steuerrückerstattungsprogramm, den sog. Earned Income Tax Credit, subventioniert. Dieser Beitrag untersucht die Lehren, die aus diesen US-amerikanischen Erfahrungen mit extensiver staatlicher Förderung der Niedriglohnbeschäftigung zu ziehen sind. Der Stellenwert solcher Einkommenssubventionen für Niedriglohnverdiener dürfte in Deutschland anders zu begründen und in der Reichweite begrenzter sein. Allerdings könnten Lohnsubventionen durchaus dazu dienen, bestimmte Hemmnisse der Erwerbsbeteiligung zu beseitigen, insbesondere auch solche, die ihr auf der Arbeitsnachfrageseite der Unternehmen entgegenstehen.

Suggested Citation

  • Waltraud Schelkle, 2000. "Subsidizing Low Earnings: German Debates and U.S. Experiences," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 69(1), pages 5-16.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:69-10-1
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.3790/vjh.69.1.5
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Robert Walker & Michael Wiseman, 1997. "The possibility of a British earned income tax credit," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 18(4), pages 401-425, November.
    2. Bruce D. Meyer & Dan T. Rosenbaum, 2001. "Welfare, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and the Labor Supply of Single Mothers," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 116(3), pages 1063-1114.
    3. Spermann, Alexander, 1996. "Das "Einstiegsgeld" für Langzeitarbeitslose," Wirtschaftsdienst – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik (1949 - 2007), ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 76(5), pages 240-246.
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