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Nonparametric Estimation Of Conditional Value-At-Risk And Expected Shortfall Based On Extreme Value Theory

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  • Martins-Filho, Carlos
  • Yao, Feng
  • Torero, Maximo

Abstract

We propose nonparametric estimators for conditional value-at-risk (CVaR) and conditional expected shortfall (CES) associated with conditional distributions of a series of returns on a financial asset. The return series and the conditioning covariates, which may include lagged returns and other exogenous variables, are assumed to be strong mixing and follow a nonparametric conditional location-scale model. First stage nonparametric estimators for location and scale are combined with a generalized Pareto approximation for distribution tails proposed by Pickands (1975, Annals of Statistics 3, 119–131) to give final estimators for CVaR and CES. We provide consistency and asymptotic normality of the proposed estimators under suitable normalization. We also present the results of a Monte Carlo study that sheds light on their finite sample performance. Empirical viability of the model and estimators is investigated through a backtesting exercise using returns on future contracts for five agricultural commodities.

Suggested Citation

  • Martins-Filho, Carlos & Yao, Feng & Torero, Maximo, 2018. "Nonparametric Estimation Of Conditional Value-At-Risk And Expected Shortfall Based On Extreme Value Theory," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 34(1), pages 23-67, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:etheor:v:34:y:2018:i:01:p:23-67_00
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Martins-Filho Carlos & Yao Feng, 2006. "Estimation of Value-at-Risk and Expected Shortfall based on Nonlinear Models of Return Dynamics and Extreme Value Theory," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 10(2), pages 1-43, May.
    2. Pagan,Adrian & Ullah,Aman, 1999. "Nonparametric Econometrics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521586115.
    3. Cai, Zongwu & Wang, Xian, 2008. "Nonparametric estimation of conditional VaR and expected shortfall," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 147(1), pages 120-130, November.
    4. Gao, Jiti, 2007. "Nonlinear time series: semiparametric and nonparametric methods," MPRA Paper 39563, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Sep 2007.
    5. Robert F. Engle & Simone Manganelli, 2004. "CAViaR: Conditional Autoregressive Value at Risk by Regression Quantiles," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 22, pages 367-381, October.
    6. Fan, Jianqing & Yao, Qiwei, 1998. "Efficient estimation of conditional variance functions in stochastic regression," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 6635, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    7. Davidson, James, 1994. "Stochastic Limit Theory: An Introduction for Econometricians," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198774037.
    8. Martins-Filho, Carlos & Yao, Feng & Torero, Maximo, 2018. "Nonparametric Estimation Of Conditional Value-At-Risk And Expected Shortfall Based On Extreme Value Theory," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 34(1), pages 23-67, February.
    9. Hardle, W. & Tsybakov, A., 1997. "Local polynomial estimators of the volatility function in nonparametric autoregression," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 223-242, November.
    10. Carlos Martins-Filho & Feng Yao & Maximo Torero, 2015. "High-Order Conditional Quantile Estimation Based on Nonparametric Models of Regression," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(6-10), pages 907-958, December.
    11. McNeil, Alexander J. & Frey, Rudiger, 2000. "Estimation of tail-related risk measures for heteroscedastic financial time series: an extreme value approach," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 7(3-4), pages 271-300, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Athanasios Triantafyllou & George Dotsis & Alexandros Sarris, 2020. "Assessing the Vulnerability to Price Spikes in Agricultural Commodity Markets," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 71(3), pages 631-651, September.
    2. Alexander Heinemann & Sean Telg, 2018. "A Residual Bootstrap for Conditional Expected Shortfall," Papers 1811.11557, arXiv.org.
    3. Cui, Zhenyu & Kirkby, J. Lars & Nguyen, Duy, 2021. "A data-driven framework for consistent financial valuation and risk measurement," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 289(1), pages 381-398.
    4. Gery Geenens & Richard Dunn, 2017. "A nonparametric copula approach to conditional Value-at-Risk," Papers 1712.05527, arXiv.org, revised Oct 2019.
    5. Emmanuel Torsen & Peter N. Mwita & Joseph K. Mungatu, 2018. "Nonparametric Estimation of the Error Functional of a Location-Scale Model," Journal of Statistical and Econometric Methods, SCIENPRESS Ltd, vol. 7(4), pages 1-1.
    6. Dingshi Tian & Zongwu Cai & Ying Fang, 2018. "Econometric Modeling of Risk Measures: A Selective Review of the Recent Literature," WORKING PAPERS SERIES IN THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ECONOMICS 201807, University of Kansas, Department of Economics, revised Oct 2018.
    7. Martins-Filho, Carlos & Yao, Feng & Torero, Maximo, 2018. "Nonparametric Estimation Of Conditional Value-At-Risk And Expected Shortfall Based On Extreme Value Theory," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 34(1), pages 23-67, February.
    8. Emmanuel Torsen & Peter N. Mwita & Joseph K. Mung’atu, 2019. "A Three-Step Nonparametric Estimation of Conditional Value-At-Risk Admitting a Location-Scale Model," Journal of Statistical and Econometric Methods, SCIENPRESS Ltd, vol. 8(4), pages 1-1.
    9. Martins-Filho, Carlos & Yao, Feng & Torero, Maximo, 2018. "Nonparametric Estimation Of Conditional Value-At-Risk And Expected Shortfall Based On Extreme Value Theory," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 34(1), pages 23-67, February.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)

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