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The Economic Effects of Inflation Tax Instruments in an Overlapping-Generations Economy with Production

  • Jianhuai Shi


    (China Center for Economic Research (CCER), Peking University)

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    Most inflation tax literature considers currency as the entire monetary base. In reality, however, many countries impose inflation tax on the required reserves of the banking system as well as on currency. Developing countries in particular usually augment the currency component of the monetary base by imposing high reserve requirements on bank deposits. This paper incorporates financial intermediaries into a general equilibrium setting in order to analyze the reserve component of the inflation tax. We present a Diamond-type overlapping-generations model in the context of a developing open economy, and analyze the economic consequences of changes in the reserve requirement and the rate of inflation. The model displays some results that are different from those of the existing literature.

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    Article provided by Society for AEF in its journal Annals of Economics and Finance.

    Volume (Year): 3 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 2 (November)
    Pages: 433-451

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    Handle: RePEc:cuf:journl:y:2002:v:3:i:2:p:433-451
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    1. Bhattacharya, Joydeep & Huybens, Elisabeth & Guzman, Mark G. & Smith, Bruce D., 1997. "Monetary, Fiscal, and Bank Regulatory Policy in a Simple Monetary Growth Model," Staff General Research Papers 5136, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    2. Davis, George & Toma, Mark, 1995. "Inflation, reserve requirements, and real interest rates with direct and indirect loan markets," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 515-531.
    3. Abel, Andrew B., 1987. "Optimal monetary growth," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 437-450, May.
    4. Romer, David, 1985. "Financial intermediation, reserve requirements, and inside money: A general equilibrium analysis," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 175-194, September.
    5. Weiss, Laurence M, 1980. "The Effects of Money Supply on Economic Welfare in the Steady State," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(3), pages 565-76, April.
    6. Drazen, Allan, 1981. "Inflation and capital accumulation under a finite horizon," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 247-260.
    7. Brock, Philip L, 1989. "Reserve Requirements and the Inflation Tax," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 21(1), pages 106-21, February.
    8. Brock, Philip L., 1984. "Inflationary finance in an open economy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 37-53, July.
    9. Baltensperger, Ernst & Jordan, Thomas J., 1997. "Seigniorage, banking, and the optimal quantity of money," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(6), pages 781-796, June.
    10. Bacchetta, Philippe & Caminal, Ramon, 1992. "Optimal seigniorage and financial liberalization," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 11(6), pages 518-538, December.
    11. Galor, Oded & Ryder, Harl E., 1989. "Existence, uniqueness, and stability of equilibrium in an overlapping-generations model with productive capital," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 360-375, December.
    12. Fama, Eugene F., 1980. "Banking in the theory of finance," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 39-57, January.
    13. Bhattacharya, Joydeep, et al, 1997. "Monetary, Fiscal, and Reserve Requirement Policy in a Simple Monetary Growth Model," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 38(2), pages 321-50, May.
    14. Bencivenga, V.R. & Smith, B.D., 1990. "Deficits, Inflation, And The Banking System In Developing Countries: The Optimal Degree Of Financial Repression," RCER Working Papers 214, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
    15. Huybens, Elisabeth & Smith, Bruce D., 1998. "Financial Market Frictions, Monetary Policy, and Capital Accumulation in a Small Open Economy," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 81(2), pages 353-400, August.
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