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Diferencias sociales y regionales en el ingreso laboral de las principales ciudades colombianas, 2001-2004

  • Julio Romero

    ()

En este artículo se estudian las diferencias en el ingreso laboraldesde una perspectiva regional. El análisis responde a tres preguntas ¿Existendiferencias en el ingreso laboral de las principales ciudades colombianas?,¿Qué porcentaje de la desigualdad social en el ingreso laboral se puede atribuir alas diferencias regionales? y ¿Cuál es el costo social de tener un mercado laboralsegmentado? A la primera pregunta el artículo responde que si existen, aunquemenores a las observadas cuando se controla por educación, características laboralesy costo de vida. En cuanto a la segunda pregunta, una descomposiciónde la desigualdad en el ingreso laboral sugiere que el efecto regional es nulo.Con respecto a la última pregunta se muestra que el costo social se traduce enbajas tasas de retorno al capital humano y menor tasa de ocupación.**This article studies differences on labor income from a regionalperspective. It aims to provide answers to three questions: are there differencesin labor income between the main Colombian cities?, which percentage of thesocial inequality on labor income may be attributed to regional disparities? and,what is the social cost of having a segmented labor market? To the first questionwe acknowledge the existence of regional differences, but we find them to belower once we control for education, labor features and living costs. Related tothe second, a decomposition of the inequality on labor income suggests thatthe regional effect is null. Finally, dealing with the third question, we showthat the social costs leads to low rates of return for human capital and loweremployment rates.

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Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its journal REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO.

Volume (Year): (2008)
Issue (Month): ()
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Handle: RePEc:col:000151:006184
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  1. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
  2. Carlos R. Azzoni & Luciana M.S. Servo, 2002. "Education, cost of living and regional wage inequality in Brazil," Review of Economic Design, Springer, vol. 81(2), pages 157-175, 04.
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  5. Julio Romero, 2005. "¿Cuánto cuesta vivir en las principales ciudades colombianas? Índice de Costo de Vida Comparativo," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 003797, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
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  7. Quah, Danny, 1996. "Regional Convergence Clusters Across Europe," CEPR Discussion Papers 1286, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Shorrocks, A F, 1982. "Inequality Decomposition by Factor Components," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(1), pages 193-211, January.
  9. Bourguignon, Francois, 1979. "Decomposable Income Inequality Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(4), pages 901-20, July.
  10. Jacob Mincer, 1958. "Investment in Human Capital and Personal Income Distribution," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 281.
  11. Topel, Robert H, 1994. "Regional Labor Markets and the Determinants of Wage Inequality," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 17-22, May.
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  13. Costas Megir & Danny Quah, 1996. "Regional Convergence Clusters Across Europe," CEP Discussion Papers dp0274, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  14. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Duranton, Gilles & Gobillon, Laurent, 2008. "Spatial wage disparities: Sorting matters!," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(2), pages 723-742, March.
  15. Trejo, Stephen J, 1997. "Why Do Mexican Americans Earn Low Wages?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(6), pages 1235-68, December.
  16. Mauricio Santamaría, 2004. "Income Inequality, Skills And Trade: Evidence From Colombia During The 80s And 90s," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002832, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
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