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Diferencias sociales y regionales en el ingreso laboral de las principales ciudades colombianas, 2001-2004

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Abstract

En este artículo se estudian las diferencias en el ingreso laboraldesde una perspectiva regional. El análisis responde a tres preguntas ¿Existendiferencias en el ingreso laboral de las principales ciudades colombianas?,¿Qué porcentaje de la desigualdad social en el ingreso laboral se puede atribuir alas diferencias regionales? y ¿Cuál es el costo social de tener un mercado laboralsegmentado? A la primera pregunta el artículo responde que si existen, aunquemenores a las observadas cuando se controla por educación, características laboralesy costo de vida. En cuanto a la segunda pregunta, una descomposiciónde la desigualdad en el ingreso laboral sugiere que el efecto regional es nulo.Con respecto a la última pregunta se muestra que el costo social se traduce enbajas tasas de retorno al capital humano y menor tasa de ocupación.**This article studies differences on labor income from a regionalperspective. It aims to provide answers to three questions: are there differencesin labor income between the main Colombian cities?, which percentage of thesocial inequality on labor income may be attributed to regional disparities? and,what is the social cost of having a segmented labor market? To the first questionwe acknowledge the existence of regional differences, but we find them to belower once we control for education, labor features and living costs. Related tothe second, a decomposition of the inequality on labor income suggests thatthe regional effect is null. Finally, dealing with the third question, we showthat the social costs leads to low rates of return for human capital and loweremployment rates.

Suggested Citation

  • Julio Romero, 2008. "Diferencias sociales y regionales en el ingreso laboral de las principales ciudades colombianas, 2001-2004," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000151:006184
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    Cited by:

    1. Paula Herrera-Idárraga & Enrique López-Bazo & Elisabet Motellón, 2016. "Regional Wage Gaps, Education and Informality in an Emerging Country: The Case of Colombia," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, pages 432-456.
    2. Mauricio Quiñones Domínguez & Juan Antonio Rodríguez Sinisterra, 2011. "Rendimiento de la educación en las regiones colombianas: un análisis usando la Descomposición Oaxaca-Blinder," REVISTA SOCIEDAD Y ECONOMIA - CIDSE, UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE - CIDSE, August.
    3. Leonardo Bonilla Mejía, 2011. "Diferencias regionales en la distribución del ingreso en Colombia," REVISTA SOCIEDAD Y ECONOMIA - CIDSE, UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE - CIDSE, December.
    4. Carlos Humberto Ortiz & José Ignacio Uribe & Érika Raquel Badillo, 2009. "Segmentación inter e intrarregional en el mercado laboral urbano de Colombia, 2001-2006," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 27(58), pages 194-231, Agosto.

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    Keywords

    economía regional; disparidades regionales en el ingreso; segmentación del mercado laboral.**regional economy; regional disparities on income; labor marketsegmentation.;

    JEL classification:

    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J48 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Particular Labor Markets; Public Policy

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