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Education, cost of living and regional wage inequality in Brazil

Listed author(s):
  • Luciana M.S. Servo


    (IPEA - Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada, Ministry of Planning, SBS - Quadra 01 - Bloco J, Ed. BNDE 10 Andar, 70076-900, Brasília DF, Brazil)

  • Carlos R. Azzoni


    (University of Sao Paulo, Faculty of Economy, Av. David Morandini 18, 13208-380 JundiaíSP, Brazil)

The objective of this article is to analyze wage inequality among the 10 largest metropolitan regions in Brazil in the 1990s. We assess the extent to which worker characteristics (education, age, gender, race, position in the family) and job characteristics (occupational position, sector, experience) can explain wage inequality. The analysis is made both with regional-nominal and with regional-real wage data. In the second case regional price indexes are used to control for differences in cost of living among regions. Wage differentials in Brazil were slightly lowered when control variables were introduced, but the leftover inequality remained high. The results indicate that cost of living levels do have a role in explaining wage inequality in Brazil, but even after controlling for this factor, the remaining regional differentials are still important.

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Article provided by Springer & Regional Science Association International in its journal Papers in Regional Science.

Volume (Year): 81 (2002)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 157-175

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Handle: RePEc:spr:presci:v:81:y:2002:i:2:p:157-175
Note: Received: 18 August 2000
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