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Auswirkungen der Kyoto-Verpflichtungen auf Emissionen und Carbon Footprints

Author

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  • Rahel Aichele

    ()

  • Gabriel Felbermayr

    ()

Abstract

Eine strengere Klimapolitik in einem Teil der Welt kann zu Verschiebungen der komparativen Vorteile führen und damit zur Verlagerung der Herstellung besonders CO2-intensiver Güter in Länder mit laxer Klimapolitik. Die Analyse einer Datenbank mit den Footprints von 40 Ländern zeigt, dass die Länder, die die Kyoto-Verpflichtungen ratifiziert haben, ihre Emissionen um 7% senkten. Auf den Carbon Footprint hingegen gibt es keinen Effekt. Die Gesamtmenge der Emissionen, die durch den Konsum in Kyoto-Ländern erzeugt wird, ging im Vergleich zum CO2-Konsum von Nicht-Kyoto-Ländern nicht zurück. Dies bedeutet, dass Emissionen ins Ausland verlagert wurden, und zeigt, dass eine unilaterale Klimapolitik in einer globalisierten Welt nicht wirksam ist. Eine effektive Klimapolitik setzt voraus, dass alle Länder in ein globales Klimaabkommen eingebunden werden.

Suggested Citation

  • Rahel Aichele & Gabriel Felbermayr, 2011. "Auswirkungen der Kyoto-Verpflichtungen auf Emissionen und Carbon Footprints," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 64(22), pages 23-26, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:64:y:2011:i:22:p:23-26
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    File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/DocDL/ifosd_2011_22_3.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Copeland, Brian R. & Taylor, M. Scott, 2005. "Free trade and global warming: a trade theory view of the Kyoto protocol," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 205-234, March.
    2. Aichele, Rahel & Felbermayr, Gabriel, 2012. "Kyoto and the carbon footprint of nations," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 63(3), pages 336-354.
    3. Andrew K. Rose & Mark M. Spiegel, 2009. "Noneconomic Engagement and International Exchange: The Case of Environmental Treaties," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 41(2-3), pages 337-363, March.
    4. Rahel Aichele & Gabriel Felbermayr, 2011. "Carbon Footprints," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 64(21), pages 11-16, November.
    5. Joshua Elliott & Ian Foster & Samuel Kortum & Todd Munson & Fernando Pérez Cervantes & David Weisbach, 2010. "Trade and Carbon Taxes," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(2), pages 465-469, May.
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    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Exportschlager Treibhausgas
      by faz-jpen in Fazit on 2014-02-05 21:33:30

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    Cited by:

    1. Marcel Huber & Katja Hessel & Heinrich Traublinger & Karen Pittel, 2012. "Symposium »Energiewende – an die technologische Spitze oder ins wirtschaftliche Abseits?«," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 65(06), pages 03-21, March.
    2. Rahel Aichele & Gabriel Felbermayr, 2011. "Internationaler Handel und Carbon Leakage," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 64(23), pages 26-30, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Klimaschutz; Kohlendioxid; Emissionshandel; Luftverunreinigung; Welt;

    JEL classification:

    • Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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