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Auswirkungen der Kyoto-Verpflichtungen auf Emissionen und Carbon Footprints

  • Rahel Aichele


  • Gabriel Felbermayr


Eine strengere Klimapolitik in einem Teil der Welt kann zu Verschiebungen der komparativen Vorteile führen und damit zur Verlagerung der Herstellung besonders CO2-intensiver Güter in Länder mit laxer Klimapolitik. Die Analyse einer Datenbank mit den Footprints von 40 Ländern zeigt, dass die Länder, die die Kyoto-Verpflichtungen ratifiziert haben, ihre Emissionen um 7% senkten. Auf den Carbon Footprint hingegen gibt es keinen Effekt. Die Gesamtmenge der Emissionen, die durch den Konsum in Kyoto-Ländern erzeugt wird, ging im Vergleich zum CO2-Konsum von Nicht-Kyoto-Ländern nicht zurück. Dies bedeutet, dass Emissionen ins Ausland verlagert wurden, und zeigt, dass eine unilaterale Klimapolitik in einer globalisierten Welt nicht wirksam ist. Eine effektive Klimapolitik setzt voraus, dass alle Länder in ein globales Klimaabkommen eingebunden werden.

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Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Schnelldienst.

Volume (Year): 64 (2011)
Issue (Month): 22 (November)
Pages: 23-26

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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:64:y:2011:i:22:p:23-26
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  1. Rose, Andrew K & Spiegel, Mark, 2006. "Non-Economic Engagement and International Exchange: The Case of Environmental Treaties," CEPR Discussion Papers 5942, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Copeland,B.R. & Taylor,M.S., 2000. "Free trade and global warming : a trade theory view of the Kyoto protocol," Working papers 4, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
  3. Rahel Aichele & Gabriel Felbermayr, 2011. "Kyoto and the Carbon Footprint of Nations," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 103, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  4. Rahel Aichele & Gabriel Felbermayr, 2011. "Carbon Footprints," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 64(21), pages 11-16, November.
  5. Joshua Elliott & Ian Foster & Samuel Kortum & Todd Munson & Fernando Pérez Cervantes & David Weisbach, 2010. "Trade and Carbon Taxes," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(2), pages 465-69, May.
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