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The economic impacts of the foreign direct investments: panel estimation by sectors on the case of Macedonian economy


  • Aneta Krstevska

    () (Chief Economist at the National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia)

  • Magdalena Petrovska

    () (Analyst at the Research Department of the National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia)


This paper elaborates economic impacts of foreign direct investments (FDI) on the case of Macedonian economy. Most developing countries consider FDI a vital source for their development. Anyway, it is quite difficult to measure the economic effects of FDI on the host country, having in mind their numerous direct and indirect effects. Besides the amount of FDI inflows, economic benefit will also depend on their structure. Based on a panel regression technique, FDI impact on GDP, export and employment on the case of Macedonian economy have been estimated, taking into account their structural dimension. The main conclusion of the analysis is that FDI inflows were an important factor for GDP growth and export performances of the Macedonian economy. On the other hand, the FDI impact over employment is negative mainly due to the low level of green field investments and non attractiveness of the labour intensive industry for the foreign investors. These findings regarding the type and sector distribution of FDI inflows are very important for the policy makers and imply a need for a strategic approach in this field.

Suggested Citation

  • Aneta Krstevska & Magdalena Petrovska, 2012. "The economic impacts of the foreign direct investments: panel estimation by sectors on the case of Macedonian economy," Journal of Central Banking Theory and Practice, Central bank of Montenegro, vol. 1(2), pages 55-73.
  • Handle: RePEc:cbk:journl:v:1:y:2012:i:2:p:55-73

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Anton Jevcak & Ralph Setzer & Massimo Suardi, 2010. "Determinants of Capital Flows to the New EU Member States Before and During the Financial Crisis," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 425, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    2. Goran Vuksic, 2005. "Impact of foreign direct investment on Croatian manufacturing exports," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 29(2), pages 131-158.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mite Miteski & Dijana Janevska Stefanova, 2017. "The Impact of Sectorial FDI on Economic Growth in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe," Working Papers 2017-01, National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia.
    2. repec:jes:journl:y:2017:v:8:p:147-165 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Bekhet, Hussain Ali & Al-Smadi, Raed Walid, 2015. "Determinants of Jordanian foreign direct investment inflows: Bounds testing approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 27-35.
    4. repec:ibn:ijefaa:v:9:y:2017:i:5:p:121-131 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Genci Gjanҫi & Ardian Ҫërava, 2014. "The Role of FDI Inflow on the Post - Communist Albania’s Economic Growth," Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology,, vol. 4(2), pages 1-6, April.
    6. Hussain Ali Bekhet & Raed Walid Al-Smadi, 2016. "The dynamic causality between FDI inflow and its determinants in Jordan," International Journal of Economics and Business Research, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 11(1), pages 26-47.
    7. International Monetary Fund, 2016. "Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; Selected Issues," IMF Staff Country Reports 16/357, International Monetary Fund.

    More about this item


    foreign direct investments; tradable sector; non tradable sector; economic growth; export; employment;

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models


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