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Une approche évolutionnaire des négociations internationales en présence de problèmes environnementaux globaux

  • Pierre Courtois
  • Jean-Christophe Péreau
  • Tarik Tazdaït

Le présent papier s'articule autour des problèmes environnementaux globaux, et se propose de lier les négociations internationales au comportement de précaution. Cela nous conduit à montrer que le comportement de précaution peut aussi bien survenir à la suite d'un échec des négociations qu'à la conclusion d'un accord. Dans le premier cas, ce comportement a moins d'impact que la coopération de tous, mais tend tout de même à réduire la portée de la défection. Dans le second cas, si un accord est signé entre un petit nombre de pays, le comportement de précaution constitue un moyen d'élargir la portée de la coopération sans déstabiliser la coalition coopérante. Nous montrons, enfin, que l'adoption de sanctions à l’encontre des pays non-coopérants ne garantit pas pour autant l'émergence d'un large mouvement de coopération.

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Article provided by De Boeck Université in its journal Recherches économiques de Louvain.

Volume (Year): 70 (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 31-51

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Handle: RePEc:cai:reldbu:rel_701_0031
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