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Agricultural Biotechnology: Productivity, Biodiversity, and Intellectual Property Rights

Author

Listed:
  • Zilberman David

    (University of California-Berkeley)

  • Ameden Holly

    (University of California-Berkeley)

  • Graff Gregory

    (University of California-Berkeley)

  • Qaim Matin

    (University of Hohenheim)

Abstract

This paper argues that current forms of agricultural biotechnology have significant potential for developing countries; the challenge is to realize this potential. We develop a conceptual model that explains why the yield effects of GMVs (genetically modified varieties) tend to be significant and reduce chemical use, contributing to human welfare, and present results from empirical studies that support these findings. We demonstrate that the adoption of GMVs might not necessarily lead to elimination of many varieties. Instead, crop biodiversity may be enhanced. Finally, we discuss how IPR constraints can be addressed, and new institutions that are already emerging may be used to allow developing countries more access to IPRs.

Suggested Citation

  • Zilberman David & Ameden Holly & Graff Gregory & Qaim Matin, 2004. "Agricultural Biotechnology: Productivity, Biodiversity, and Intellectual Property Rights," Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, De Gruyter, vol. 2(2), pages 1-18, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:bjafio:v:2:y:2004:i:2:n:3
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    Cited by:

    1. David Zilberman & Eunice Kim & Sam Kirschner & Scott Kaplan & Jeanne Reeves, 2013. "Technology and the future bioeconomy," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 44(s1), pages 95-102, November.
    2. repec:spr:scient:v:101:y:2014:i:3:d:10.1007_s11192-014-1408-2 is not listed on IDEAS

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