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Trade and the Effect of Public Investment on Regional Inequalities in Heterogeneously Integrated Areas

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  • Joan Costa‐Font
  • Eduardo Rodriguez‐Oreggia

Abstract

Regional integration, it is argued, challenges the distribution of economic activity among regions. However, the government role in shifting the patterns of regional inequalities is still under debate and has received small comprehensive empirical evidence. This paper examines the hypothesis of trade as channelling public investment and, thus, perpetuating regional inequalities. We argue that the interplay of public and private investment plays a key role in stimulating trade and economic activity. To avoid problems of cross‐country heterogeneity and comparability this study examines data for two countries; Mexico and Spain, both followers of trade integration arrangements. Findings indicate that regional inequalities in Mexico are significantly explained by differences in export capacity serving to boost private investment whereas inequalities in Spain are appreciably driven by previous endowments and private capital formation.

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  • Joan Costa‐Font & Eduardo Rodriguez‐Oreggia, 2005. "Trade and the Effect of Public Investment on Regional Inequalities in Heterogeneously Integrated Areas," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(6), pages 873-891, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:worlde:v:28:y:2005:i:6:p:873-891
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9701.2005.00710.x
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9701.2005.00710.x
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    Cited by:

    1. Toru Kikuchi & Kazumichi Iwasa, 2009. "Interregional trade, industrial location and import infrastructure," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 6(4), pages 361-365, December.

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