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Monetary and Financial Integration in the EMU: Push or Pull?

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  • Mark M. Spiegel

Abstract

This paper examines the channels through which monetary union increased financial integration, using panel data on bilateral international commercial bank claims from 1998-2006. I decompose the increase in claims into three channels: a "borrower effect," as a country's EMU membership may leave its borrowers more creditworthy in the eyes of foreign lenders; a "creditor effect," as membership in a monetary union may increase the attractiveness of a nation's commercial banks as intermediaries, perhaps through increased scale economies or through an improved regulatory environment after the advent of monetary union; and a "pairwise effect," as joint membership in a monetary union increases the quality of intermediation between borrowers and creditors when both are in the union. Isolating these three channels through a series of difference-in-differences specifications, I find that the pairwise effect is the primary source of increased financial integration. This result is robust to a number of sensitivity exercises. Copyright Published 2009. This article is a US Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

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  • Mark M. Spiegel, 2009. "Monetary and Financial Integration in the EMU: Push or Pull?," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(4), pages 751-776, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:17:y:2009:i:4:p:751-776
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