Which International Institutions Promote International Trade?
This paper estimates the effect on international trade of three multilateral organizations intended to increase trade: (1) the World Trade Organization (WTO) and its predecessor the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT); (2) the International Monetary Fund (IMF); and (3) the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and its predecessor the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC). I use a standard "gravity" model of bilateral merchandise trade and a large panel dataset covering over 50 years and 175 countries. My results indicate that OECD membership has had a consistently large positive effect on trade, while accession to the GATT/WTO also increases trade. Copyright Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2005.
Volume (Year): 13 (2005)
Issue (Month): 4 (09)
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