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Pollution, Capital Mobility and Tax Policies with Unemployment


  • Nikos Tsakiris
  • Panos Hatzipanayotou
  • Michael S. Michael


In this paper we highlight aspects related to the links among unemployment, international capital mobility, and tax policies in a small open developing economy. Without international capital mobility, the joint optimal trade and environmental policies require a zero tariff and an emission tax lower than the Pigouvian tax. With international capital mobility and a capital tax (subsidy), the optimal emission tax rate is smaller (larger) compared to the rate when capital is untaxed. When both the emission tax and the capital tax/subsidy are jointly chosen optimally, then the optimal policy on capital is a lower subsidy, or even a tax, compared to the standard capital subsidy of the no pollution case.

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  • Nikos Tsakiris & Panos Hatzipanayotou & Michael S. Michael, 2008. "Pollution, Capital Mobility and Tax Policies with Unemployment," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(2), pages 223-236, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:rdevec:v:12:y:2008:i:2:p:223-236
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9361.2007.00383.x

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Low, P., 1992. "International Trade and the Environment," World Bank - Discussion Papers 159, World Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kenzo Abe & Muneyuki Saito, 2016. "Environmental Protection in the Presence of Unemployment and Common Resources," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(1), pages 176-188, February.
    2. Sheng-Huei Ko & Kuo-Hsing Kuo & Cheng-Te Lee & Chen Fang, 2017. "Environmental Tax And Return Urban–Rural Migration," The Singapore Economic Review (SER), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 62(02), pages 447-458, June.
    3. Kuo†Hsing Kuo & Cheng†Te Lee & Shang†Fen Wu, 2018. "Environmental Policy And Labour Market Imperfection," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 70(2), pages 175-184, April.
    4. Antoci, Angelo & Russu, Paolo & Ticci, Elisa, 2012. "Environmental externalities and immiserizing structural changes in an economy with heterogeneous agents," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 80-91.

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