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Environmental Regulation and Competitiveness

Listed author(s):
  • Abay Mulatu

    ()

    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)

  • Raymond J.G.M. Florax

    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)

  • Cees A.A.M. Withagen

    ()

    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, and Tilburg University)

The potential relationship between domestic environmental regulation and internationalcompetitiveness has evoked various speculations. The common neoclassical train of thought is thatstrict environmental regulation is detrimental to the competitiveness of industry, and that itinduces phenomena such as ecological dumping, ecological capital flight, and regulatory 'chill' inenvironmental standards. A different view is that strict environmental regulation triggers industry'sinnovation potential, and subsequently increases its competitiveness. The impact of environmentalregulation on competitiveness has been analyzed in terms of international capital movements, newfirm formation, and international trade. This paper focuses on a statistically rigorous analysis ofinternational trade studies, using a technique that is known as meta-analysis. The paper presentsa statistically supported evaluation of the literature, in order to assess what the main conclusionsregarding the relationship between environmental regulation and competitiveness are when itcomes to studies on international trade flows. The synthesis of the literature is subsequently usedto present guidelines for future primary research in this area.

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File URL: http://papers.tinbergen.nl/01039.pdf
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Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 01-039/3.

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Date of creation: 04 Apr 2001
Handle: RePEc:tin:wpaper:20010039
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  1. Orley Ashenfelter & Colm Harmon & Hessel Oosterbeek, 1999. "A Review of Estimates of the Schooling/Earnings Relationship, with Tests for Publication Bias," Working Papers 804, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  2. Smith, V. Kerry & Kaoru, Yoshiaki, 1990. "What have we learned since hotelling's letter? : A meta-analysis," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 277-281, March.
  3. Rauscher, Michael, 1997. "International Trade, Factor Movements, and the Environment," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198290506.
  4. Stephen B. Jarrell & T. D. Stanley, 1990. "A Meta-Analysis of the Union-Nonunion Wage Gap," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 44(1), pages 54-67, October.
  5. Ashenfelter, Orley & Harmon, Colm & Oosterbeek, Hessel, 1999. "A review of estimates of the schooling/earnings relationship, with tests for publication bias," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 453-470, November.
  6. V. Kerry Smith & Yoshiaki Kaoru, 1990. "Signals or Noise? Explaining the Variation in Recreation Benefit Estimates," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 72(2), pages 419-433.
  7. Low, P., 1992. "International Trade and the Environment," World Bank - Discussion Papers 159, World Bank.
  8. van Beers, Cees & van den Bergh, Jeroen C J M, 1997. "An Empirical Multi-country Analysis of the Impact of Environmental Regulations on Foreign Trade Flows," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(1), pages 29-46.
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