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Optimal Contracting, Corporate Finance, and Valuation with Inalienable Human Capital

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  • PATRICK BOLTON
  • NENG WANG
  • JINQIANG YANG

Abstract

A risk‐averse entrepreneur with access to a profitable venture needs to raise funds from investors. She cannot indefinitely commit her human capital to the venture, which limits the firm's debt capacity, distorts investment and compensation, and constrains the entrepreneur's risk sharing. This puts dynamic liquidity and state‐contingent risk allocation at the center of corporate financial management. The firm balances mean‐variance investment efficiency and the preservation of financial slack. We show that in general the entrepreneur's net worth is overexposed to idiosyncratic risk and underexposed to systematic risk. These distortions are greater the closer the firm is to exhausting its debt capacity.

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  • Patrick Bolton & Neng Wang & Jinqiang Yang, 2019. "Optimal Contracting, Corporate Finance, and Valuation with Inalienable Human Capital," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 74(3), pages 1363-1429, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:74:y:2019:i:3:p:1363-1429
    DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12761
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    6. Sergio Rebelo & Neng Wang & Jinqiang Yang, 2018. "Rare Disasters, Financial Development, and Sovereign Debt," NBER Working Papers 25031, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Bolton, Patrick & Wang, Neng & Yang, Jinqiang, 2019. "Investment under uncertainty with financial constraints," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 184(C).
    8. Wu, Ting & He, Linfeng & Zhang, Fan, 2021. "Endogenous discounting, investment and Tobin’s q," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C).
    9. Feng, Felix Zhiyu & Westerfield, Mark M., 2021. "Dynamic resource allocation with hidden volatility," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 140(2), pages 560-581.
    10. Hengjie Ai & Anmol Bhandari, 2021. "Asset Pricing With Endogenously Uninsurable Tail Risk," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 89(3), pages 1471-1505, May.
    11. Gryglewicz, Sebastian & Mayer, Simon & Morellec, Erwan, 2020. "Agency conflicts and short- versus long-termism in corporate policies," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 136(3), pages 718-742.
    12. Yang, Bo & Gan, Liu, 2021. "Contingent capital, Tobin’s q and corporate capital structure," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C).
    13. Patrick Bolton & Neng Wang & Jinqiang Yang, 2020. "Leverage Dynamics and Financial Flexibility," NBER Working Papers 26802, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. Liang, H. & Renneboog, Luc & Vansteenkiste, Cara, 2017. "Corporate Employee-Engagement and Merger Outcomes," Other publications TiSEM ab3f7a1d-a202-48b7-9c75-1, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    15. Xia, Xin & Gan, Liu, 2021. "Financing with equity-for-guarantee swaps and dynamic investment under incomplete markets," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 349-360.

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    JEL classification:

    • G3 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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