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Union Wage Effects in Australia: Is There Variation along the Distribution?


  • AMY Y.C. LIU


This study uses quantile regression models to examine whether the union wage effect varies across the conditional wage distribution. Although for men it is evident that the union wage effect decreases when moving up the conditional wage distribution, the effect for women is relatively stable except at the extremities of the distribution. Overall, unions are found to have a larger effect on men than on women wages. The decomposition results show that for men, the union wage effect explains a substantial proportion of the observed wage gap between union and non-union workers; this is not the case for women. Copyright © 2008 The Economic Society of Australia.

Suggested Citation

  • Lixin Cai & Amy Y.C. Liu, 2008. "Union Wage Effects in Australia: Is There Variation along the Distribution?," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 84(267), pages 496-510, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:ecorec:v:84:y:2008:i:267:p:496-510

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Cristiano Perugini & Ekaterina Selezneva, 2015. "Labour market institutions, crisis and gender earnings gap in Eastern Europe," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 23(3), pages 517-564, July.
    2. Lixin Cai & C. Jeffrey Waddoups, 2011. "Union Wage Effects in Australia: Evidence from Panel Data," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 49(Supplemen), pages 279-305, July.
    3. Goerke, Laszlo & Pannenberg, Markus, 2011. "Trade union membership and dismissals," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 810-821.
    4. Inga Lass & Mark Wooden, 2017. "The Structure of the Wage Gap for Temporary Workers: Evidence from Australian Panel Data," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2017n08, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.

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