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Fostering Innovation in the National Systems: An Application to Spain


  • de Pablos Heredero Carmen

    (Rey Juan Carlos University, Spain)

  • Bermejo Ruiz Jose Manuel

    (FringesCT, Spain)


Background: The sharing of practices that enable the flow and the distribution of tacit knowledge and other ways of proprietary knowledge are essential requisites for promoting an innovation system. Objectives: In this paper a diagnosis of the Spanish Science and Technology System is offered by using the normalized protocol for responsible partnering proposed by EIRMA. Methods/Approach: The triple helix model has been used to identify the agents that take part in the system. The grounded theory has also been applied to analyse interactions and interviews with seven key agents in the system. Results: The lack of common objectives among the main partners in the system is the most important weakness; the New Acts developed in the last three years is a strength that allows the different agents of the system to share objectives. The economic crisis is a threat for the performance of research within the university context and becomes at the same time an opportunity to establish closer relationships. Conclusions: Universities, firms and governments must synchronise their work to accomplish a common objective: produce high levels of innovation that aim to enhance the competitiveness of the system.

Suggested Citation

  • de Pablos Heredero Carmen & Bermejo Ruiz Jose Manuel, 2014. "Fostering Innovation in the National Systems: An Application to Spain," Business Systems Research, Sciendo, vol. 5(2), pages 110-124, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bit:bsrysr:v:5:y:2014:i:2:p:110-124

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Malerba, Franco, 2002. "Sectoral systems of innovation and production," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 247-264, February.
    2. Alchian, Armen A & Demsetz, Harold, 1972. "Production , Information Costs, and Economic Organization," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(5), pages 777-795, December.
    3. Etzkowitz, Henry & Leydesdorff, Loet, 2000. "The dynamics of innovation: from National Systems and "Mode 2" to a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 109-123, February.
    4. William M. Dugger, 1996. "The Mechanisms of Governance," Journal of Economic Issues, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(4), pages 1212-1216, December.
    5. Joe Tidd, 2006. "The Competence Cycle: Translating Knowledge Into New Processes, Products And Services," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Joe Tidd (ed.),From Knowledge Management To Strategic Competence Measuring Technological, Market and Organisational Innovation, chapter 1, pages 5-25, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    6. Orlikowski, Wanda J. (Wanda Janina), 1993. "CASE tools as organizational change : investigating incremental and radical changes in systems development," Working papers WP 3579-93., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
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    More about this item


    open innovation practices; science and technology system; EIRMA; transfer of knowledge; grounded theory; stakeholders;

    JEL classification:

    • M1 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration
    • M2 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Economics


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