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The Role Of Remittances In The Stability Of Money Demand In Pakistan: A Cointegration Analysis

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  • Niaz Hussain Ghumro
  • Mohd Zaini Abd Karim

Abstract

The paper examines the dynamic relationship between the series of monetary aggregates M1 and M2 for the period 1972–2014. M1 and M2 are the dependent variables, while the explanatory variables are real income, discount rate, inflation rate, real exchange rate, and remittances. The ARDL bounds testing approach to cointegration is used to investigate the existence of long-run and short-run effects of remittances on monetary aggregates. The results show that remittances exert only positive effects on real narrow money demand in the end, suggesting that in Pakistan remittances are used for the purpose of consumption. Both money demand functions are stable in Pakistan, but the longrun effect of M1 remittances is a faster speed of adjustment to equilibrium (26.2%) than M2 remittances (21.3%). It is recommended that M1 be used as a monetary tool in Pakistan.

Suggested Citation

  • Niaz Hussain Ghumro & Mohd Zaini Abd Karim, 2017. "The Role Of Remittances In The Stability Of Money Demand In Pakistan: A Cointegration Analysis," Economic Annals, Faculty of Economics, University of Belgrade, vol. 62(213), pages 45-66, April - J.
  • Handle: RePEc:beo:journl:v:62:y:2017:i:213:p:45-66
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    Cited by:

    1. KHURSHID, Adnan & KEDONG, Yin & CĂLIN, Adrian Cantemir & POPOVICI, Oana Cristina, 2017. "A Note On The Relationship Linking Remittances And Financial Development In Pakistan," Studii Financiare (Financial Studies), Centre of Financial and Monetary Research "Victor Slavescu", vol. 21(4), pages 6-26.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Remittances; Money Demand; Stability; ADF; ARDL; Error Correction Model.;

    JEL classification:

    • E4 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • G - Financial Economics
    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services

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