IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/pid/journl/v25y1986i4p757-785.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Impact of Workers' Remittances from the Middle East on Pakistan's Economy: Some Selected Issues

Author

Listed:
  • RASHID AMJAD

    (ILOj ARTEP, Asian Development Programme, New Delhi (India).)

Abstract

Over the last decade, the phenomenon of overseas migration from Pakistan to the countries of the Middle East and North Africal has had a far reaching impact on the domestic economy. Indeed, no factor has more dramatically affected the domestic employment situation and the balance~f-payments position as the outflow of contract workers and inflow of workers' remittances from those countries. According to the Sixth Plan, as much as one-third of the increase in the labour force during the years 1978-83, i.e. the Fifth Plan period, was absorbed by migration to the Middle East [14, p. 499]. At its peak in 1982-83, official flow of remittances from the Middle-East was equivalent to 70 percent of the country's total exports of goods and non-factor services (Table 1). More recently, the slowing down in economic activity in the major labour-receiving countries together with increased competition from other labour-exporting countries has led to a decline in the outflow of migrant workers, and, with the quickening pace of return migration, there is a decline in the stock of Pakistani workers in these countries? This has put considerable pressure on the domestic employment situation. While remittances from the Middle East countries have also declined after reaching a peak in 1982-83, the absolute decline has not been substantial, although there is still considerable apprehension about the volume of the remittances in future years.

Suggested Citation

  • Rashid Amjad, 1986. "Impact of Workers' Remittances from the Middle East on Pakistan's Economy: Some Selected Issues," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 25(4), pages 757-785.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:25:y:1986:i:4:p:757-785
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.pide.org.pk/pdf/PDR/1986/Volume4/757-785.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Nasreen Abbasi & Mohammad Irfan, 1983. "Socio-Economic Effects of International Migration on The Families Left Behind," PLM Project Reports 1983:7, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    2. Ijaz Gilani & M. Fahim Khan & Munawar Iqbal, 1981. "Labour Migration from Pakistan to the Middle East and Its Impact on the Domestic Economy Part I (Cost-Benefit Analysis)," PIDE-Working Papers 1981:126, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    3. Papanek, Gustav F, 1972. "The Effect of Aid and other Resource Transfers on Savings and Growth in Less Developed Countries," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 82(327), pages 934-950, September.
    4. Amjad, Rashid, 1984. "The management of Pakistan's economy 1947-82," MPRA Paper 35850, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Ijaz Gilani & M. Fahim Khan & Munawar Iqbal, 1981. "Labour Migration from Pakistan to the Middle East and its Impact on the Domestic Economy. Part III (Sample Design & Field-Work)," PIDE-Working Papers 1981:128, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Saith, A., 1989. "Macro-economic issues in international labour migration : a review," ISS Working Papers - General Series 18946, International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam (ISS), The Hague.
    2. Jawad, Muhammad & Qayyum, Abdul, 2015. "Modeling the Impact of Policy Environment on Inflows of Worker’s Remittances in Pakistan: A Multivariate Analysis," MPRA Paper 62019, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2015.
    3. Mohammad Irfan, 2011. "Remittances and Poverty Linkages in Pakistan: Evidence and Some Suggestions for Further Analysis," PIDE-Working Papers 2011:78, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    4. Muhammad Irfan, 2010. "A Review of the Labour Market Research at PIDE 1957-2009," PIDE Books, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, number 2010:1 edited by Rashid Amjad & Aurangzeb A. Hashmi, December.
    5. Zafar Iqbal, 1993. "Institutional Variations in Saving Behaviour in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 32(4), pages 1293-1311.
    6. Amjad, Rashid, 2010. "Remittances and poverty in Pakistan: a note," MPRA Paper 38297, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. repec:beo:journl:v:62:y:2017:i:213:p:45-66 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Asmat Ullah & Syed Waqar Hussain & Zahoor Khan, 2012. "Micro-econometric Analysis of Impact of Remittances on Household’s Welfare: Empirical Evidence from District Peshawar," Oeconomics of Knowledge, Saphira Publishing House, vol. 4(1), pages 2-13, January.
    9. Rizwana Siddiqui, 2013. "Impact Evaluation of Remittances for Pakistan: Propensity Score Matching Approach," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 52(1), pages 17-44.
    10. Amjad, Rashid, 1989. "Economic impact of migration to the Middle East on the major Asian labour sending countries - an overview," MPRA Paper 38134, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Naushin Mahmood, 2009. "Population and Development Demographic Research at PIDE," PIDE Books, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, number 2009:1 edited by Rashid Amjad & Aurangzeb A. Hashmi, December.
    12. Shahbaz Nasir & Mahmood Khalid, 2004. "Saving-investment Behaviour in Pakistan: An Empirical Investigation," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 43(4), pages 665-682.
    13. Jacques Bouhga-Hagbe, 2004. "A Theory of Workers' Remittances with An Application to Morocco," IMF Working Papers 04/194, International Monetary Fund.
    14. Jacques Bouhga-Hagbe, 2006. "Altruism and Workers’ Remittances; Evidence from Selected Countries in the Middle East and Central Asia," IMF Working Papers 06/130, International Monetary Fund.
    15. Ahmed, Vaqar & Sugiyarto, Guntur & Jha, Shikha, 2010. "Remittances and Household Welfare: A Case Study of Pakistan," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 194, Asian Development Bank.
    16. Sohail J. Malik & Naeem Sarwar, 1993. "Some Tests for Differences in Consumption Patterns: The Impact of Remittances Using Household Income and Expenditure Survey Data of Pakistan 1987-88," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 32(4), pages 699-711.
    17. Zafar Iqbal & Abdus Sattar, 2005. "The Contribution of Workers’Remittances to Economic Growth in Pakistan," PIDE-Working Papers 2005:187, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    18. Brown, Richard P. C., 1997. "Estimating remittance functions for Pacific Island Migrants," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 613-626, January.
    19. Alderman, Harold & Garcia, Marito, 1993. "Poverty, household food security, and nutrition in rural Pakistan:," Research reports 96, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:25:y:1986:i:4:p:757-785. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Khurram Iqbal). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/pideipk.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.