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Persistencia de la segregación residencial y composición del capital humano por barrios en la ciudad de Cali

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  • Harvy Vivas

Abstract

Este artículo analiza la relación entre la segregación residencial y la composición del capital humano en el interior de los barrios de la ciudad de Cali (Colombia). La estrategia empírica inicia con el cálculo de los índices locales y globales de segregación para los barrios usando los censos de 1993 y 2005. La evidencia sugiere la existencia de dos clusters: las personas con elevada educación se localizan en el eje longitudinal central de la ciudad, mientras que la población afrocolombiana se localiza en la periferia de la ciudad. El trabajo identifica las zonas homogéneas con alta correlación espacial, describe los cambios en la segregación residencial en Cali entre 1993 y 2005 y, finalmente, contrasta la hipótesis de persistencia de la segregación mediante modelos de regresión espacial. Los resultados muestran que la segregación persiste en la ciudad.

Suggested Citation

  • Harvy Vivas, 2013. "Persistencia de la segregación residencial y composición del capital humano por barrios en la ciudad de Cali," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 31(70), pages 122-155, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:ensayo:v:31:y:2013:i:70:p:122-155
    DOI: 10.1016/S0120-4483(13)70031-9
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. George A. Akerlof, 1997. "Social Distance and Social Decisions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(5), pages 1005-1028, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Catia Nicodemo & Gustavo Adolfo García, 2015. "Job Search Channels, Neighborhood Effects, and Wages Inequality in Developing Countries: The Colombian Case," The Developing Economies, Institute of Developing Economies, vol. 53(2), pages 75-99, June.
    2. Vivas, H & Franco, A, 2021. "Spatial heterogeneity of housing prices in formal and informal settlements: A GWR hedonic model for segmented markets in Cali," Documentos de trabajo - Alianza EFI 19293, Alianza EFI.
    3. Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Leonardo Bonilla-Mejía & Sara María Gómez-Mesa, 2019. "Exenciones tributarias y desarrollo regional: evidencia de Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 17733, Banco de la República, Economía Regional.
    4. Viáfara López Carlos Augusto & Serna Alvarado Nini Johanna, 2015. "Desigualdad de oportunidades educativas en la población de 15 a 29 anos en Brasil y Colombia según autoclasificación étnico-racial," Revista Sociedad y Economía, Universidad del Valle, CIDSE, April.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Segregación residencial; Medidas locales y globales de segregación; Clusters espaciales; Econometría espacial;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R0 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination

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