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The Effect of Professionalisation and the Demand for Social Status on the Adoption of New Technologies

  • Carillo Maria Rosaria

Professionalisation has been a process which has profoundly influenced the societies of the most industrialised countries, since it entails a high position in the occupational hierarchy for its members. This has marked effects on the occupational choices of individuals, because the social prestige accorded to an occupation is an important part of the total reward accruing from it. This paper analyses the economic consequences of the phenomenon, concentrating in particular on the effects of technological innovation. The argument put forward is that professionalisation may hamper the diffusion of innovative technologies because it makes the choice of the new professions less attractive. Moreover, it renders the management of high-skilled workers costly for firms, since innovative firms must adopt new technique of human resource management. To the extent that these professions are complementary to the new technologies, their reduced supply and the high cost of their management may be a serious obstacle against the diffusion of technological innovation.

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Article provided by Società editrice il Mulino in its journal Rivista italiana degli economisti.

Volume (Year): (2000)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 473-502

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Handle: RePEc:mul:jqat1f:doi:10.1427/3684:y:2000:i:3:p:473-502
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  1. Daron Acemoglu, 2002. "Directed Technical Change," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 69(4), pages 781-809.
  2. Masters, Adrian M, 1998. "Efficiency of Investment in Human and Physical Capital in a Model of Bilateral Search and Bargaining," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 39(2), pages 477-94, May.
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  9. Snower, Dennis J., 1994. "The Low-Skill, Bad-Job Trap," CEPR Discussion Papers 999, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  10. Kiley, Michael T, 1999. "The Supply of Skilled Labour and Skill-Biased Technological Progress," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(458), pages 708-24, October.
  11. Berman, Eli & Bound, John & Griliches, Zvi, 1994. "Changes in the Demand for Skilled Labor within U.S. Manufacturing: Evidence from the Annual Survey of Manufactures," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 109(2), pages 367-97, May.
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  15. Acemoglu, Daron, 1996. "A Microfoundation for Social Increasing Returns in Human Capital Accumulation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 111(3), pages 779-804, August.
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