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The Examination of Relationship Between Foreign Direct Investments and Carbondioxide Emissions In Turkey with ARDL Approach

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  • Muammer Yaylalı
  • Ebul Muhsin Doğan
  • Vildan Merve Yılmaz
  • Zeynep Karaca

Abstract

Environment is one of the gripping topic with the importance of the protection of it for future generations. In recent years, greenhouse gas emissions are important threat for environment. Within greenhouse gas emissions, CO2 emissions takes big share. On the other hand, in the global World capital movements gain speed and foreign direct investment inflows gradually increase in Turkey. To this respect, we need to think about possible effects of these investments to environmental quality of country. In this sense, this paper examines the relationship between foreign direct investment inflows and CO2 emissions for Turkey. The study covers 1980-2011 period. The Bounds test developed by Pesaran et al. (2001) is applied to investigate the relationship between series for given period of time. According to bounds test results, there is no cointegration relationship between foreign direct investment inflows and CO2 series for Turkey. In other words, in the long term fdi inflows and CO2 emissions do not move together.

Suggested Citation

  • Muammer Yaylalı & Ebul Muhsin Doğan & Vildan Merve Yılmaz & Zeynep Karaca, 2015. "The Examination of Relationship Between Foreign Direct Investments and Carbondioxide Emissions In Turkey with ARDL Approach," Alphanumeric Journal, Bahadir Fatih Yildirim, vol. 3(2), pages 107-112, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:anm:alpnmr:v:3:y:2015:i:2:p:107-112
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17093/aj.2015.3.2.5000140084
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Lee, Jung Wan, 2013. "The contribution of foreign direct investment to clean energy use, carbon emissions and economic growth," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 483-489.
    2. Engle, Robert & Granger, Clive, 2015. "Co-integration and error correction: Representation, estimation, and testing," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 39(3), pages 106-135.
    3. M. Hashem Pesaran & Yongcheol Shin & Richard J. Smith, 2001. "Bounds testing approaches to the analysis of level relationships," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(3), pages 289-326.
    4. Hansen, Bruce E., 1992. "Efficient estimation and testing of cointegrating vectors in the presence of deterministic trends," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 53(1-3), pages 87-121.
    5. Al-mulali, Usama, 2012. "Factors affecting CO2 emission in the Middle East: A panel data analysis," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 564-569.
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    7. Johansen, Soren, 1991. "Estimation and Hypothesis Testing of Cointegration Vectors in Gaussian Vector Autoregressive Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(6), pages 1551-1580, November.
    8. Joysri Acharyya, 2009. "Fdi, Growth And The Environment: Evidence From India On Co2 Emission During The Last Two Decades," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 34(1), pages 43-58, June.
    9. Borensztein, E. & De Gregorio, J. & Lee, J-W., 1998. "How does foreign direct investment affect economic growth?1," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 115-135, June.
    10. Zeng, Ka & Eastin, Joshua, 2012. "Do Developing Countries Invest Up? The Environmental Effects of Foreign Direct Investment from Less-Developed Countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(11), pages 2221-2233.
    11. Luisa Blanco & Fidel Gonzalez & Isabel Ruiz, 2013. "The Impact of FDI on CO 2 Emissions in Latin America," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(1), pages 104-121, March.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    ARDL; Carbondioxide Emissions; Foreign Direct Investments;

    JEL classification:

    • E00 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - General

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