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Technical Efficiency of Cocoa Farmers in Ghana


  • Besseah, Felix A.
  • Kim, Sangho


The commitment of the government in promoting and encouraging the welfare of cocoa farmers makes cocoa policies critical in Ghana. Having dropped below global production levels, however, technical efficiency in Ghana has continued to decline over the years. This study aims to analyse the extent of productivity and find the sources of technical efficiency in cocoa-producing households by applying the stochastic frontier approach to the Ghana-Living Standards Survey Round Five of 2005/06. The estimated technical efficiency has a mean of 47.82%. Crop diversification, mechanised farming and hired labour enhance technical efficiency, while emigration results in its deterioration. Other critical factors that influence efficiency are also identified.

Suggested Citation

  • Besseah, Felix A. & Kim, Sangho, 2014. "Technical Efficiency of Cocoa Farmers in Ghana," Journal of Rural Development/Nongchon-Gyeongje, Korea Rural Economic Institute, vol. 0(Issue 2), pages 1-24.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:jordng:196615

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Francis Teal & Marcella Vigneri, 2004. "Production Changes In Ghana Cocoa Farming Households Under Market Reforms," Development and Comp Systems 0409062, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Guy Nkamleu & Joachim Nyemeck & Jim Gockowsk, 2010. "Working Paper 104 - Technology Gap and Efficiency in Cocoa Production in West and Central Africa: Implications for Cocoa Sector Development," Working Paper Series 241, African Development Bank.
    3. Francis Teal & Marcella Vigneri, 2004. "Production changes in ghana cocoa farming households under market reforms," Economics Series Working Papers WPS/2004-16, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    4. Joachim Nyemeck BINAM & Jim GOCKOWSKI & Guy Blaise NKAMLEU, 2008. "Technical Efficiency And Productivity Potential Of Cocoa Farmers In West African Countries," The Developing Economies, Institute of Developing Economies, vol. 46(3), pages 242-263.
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    Cited by:

    1. Andras Tothmihaly, & Stephan von Cramon-Taubadel, & Verina Ingram., 2017. "How can the environmental efficiency of Indonesian cocoa farms be increased?," GlobalFood Discussion Papers 258586, Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen, GlobalFood, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development.
    2. Andras Tothmihaly, & Verina Ingram., 2017. "How can the productivity of Indonesian cocoa farms be increased?," GlobalFood Discussion Papers 258588, Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen, GlobalFood, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development.


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