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The Decision to Direct Market: An Analysis of Small Fruit and Specialty-Product Markets in Virginia


  • Monson, Joseph
  • Mainville, Denise Y.
  • Kuminoff, Nicolai V.


Farmers are increasingly interested in high-value alternatives to commodity production. Direct marketing is a potentially attractive marketing alternative, having been shown to offer increased net incomes to farmers. Nevertheless, there is a dearth of literature on the determinants of the decision to direct market. This paper uses an ordered logit regression to analyze how farm size, the importance of high-value crops, organic production, experience, and demographic factors affect a producer’s reliance on direct markets. The results show that farm size, high-value crop production, non-certified organic production methods, and household size are determinants of the share of total farm output sold through direct marketing outlets.

Suggested Citation

  • Monson, Joseph & Mainville, Denise Y. & Kuminoff, Nicolai V., 2008. "The Decision to Direct Market: An Analysis of Small Fruit and Specialty-Product Markets in Virginia," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 39(2), July.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:jlofdr:55971

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    Cited by:

    1. Curtis, Kynda R. & Yeager, Irvin & Black, Brent & Drost, Daniel & Ward, Ruby, 2014. "Market and Pricing Potential for Extended Season Fresh Produce Sales: An Intermountain West Example," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 45(2), July.
    2. Timothy Park & Ashok K. Mishra & Shawn J. Wozniak, 2014. "Do farm operators benefit from direct to consumer marketing strategies?," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 45(2), pages 213-224, March.
    3. Schmit, T.M. & Gómez, M.I., 2011. "Developing viable farmers markets in rural communities: An investigation of vendor performance using objective and subjective valuations," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 119-127, April.
    4. Uematsu, Hiroki & Mishra, Ashok K., 2011. "Use of Direct Marketing Strategies by Farmers and Their Impact on Farm Business Income," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 40(01), pages 1-19, April.
    5. Gedikoglu, Haluk & Parcell, Joe L., 2014. "Variation of Consumer Preferences Between Domestic and Imported Food: The Case of Artisan Cheese," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 45(2), July.
    6. Sene, Seydina & Paudel, Krishna P. & Park, Timothy A., 2016. "The Changing Structure of Retail Food Stores, Direct Marketing (DM) and Its Impact on Farmers’ Financial Performance," 2016 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, 2016, Boston, Massachusetts 235736, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    7. Bignell, Wesley, 2011. "Comparing Locally Oriented and Mainstream Farming: Observations from the Oregon Blueberry Industry," Western Economics Forum, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 10(02).

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