Mediterranean Agricultural Product Trade between the EU and Morocco in the Perspective of the New Bilateral Agreement: Main Causes of Imbalance and Possible Effects
In this article the possible repercussions of the new bilateral trade agreement between Morocco and the European Union concerning the fruit and vegetable sector have been examined. Through appropriate mathematical indices, such as the â€œrevealed comparative advantageâ€ (RCA) approach pioneered by Balassa, the competitive position of Morocco over its trading partners in the EU and especially over the Mediterranean Member States has been evaluated. The aim is to discover fea- tures of trade of Morocco and the EU in the fruit and vegetable sector, and changes during the period 2000 - 2010. In particular, the effects of the new bilateral trade agreement on EU countries such as Italy, Spain and France, i.e., the traditional producers of these goods, have been examined. RCA of Morocco over the EU and RCA of the EU over Morocco have been calculated by conducting research using UN Comtrade sources. Moreover, through the â€œrevealed trade advantageâ€ (RTA) introduced by Vollrath, the global competitiveness of the fruit and vegetables sector in both Morocco and the EU have been evaluated.Finally, the degree of intra-industry trade between Morocco and the major European producers of fruit and vegetables has been calculated. The results highlight the strong dominance of Morocco, and point to the possibility that the new bilateral trade agreement may cause an increase in economic instability in many European areas struggling against Moroccan competition in certain agricultural sectors. In countering this situation, questions concerning agrifood safety, agri-environmental protection and other aspects could become relevant in the near future. The importance of these questions is that they may point to the comparatively low levels of restrictions often faced by the Moroccan producers as the real cause of their actual competitive advantage in some strategic European agri-food sectors. Despite the limitations of RCA indices obtained in this study, they are expected to offer further insight into the competitiveness of the Moroccan fruit and vegetables sector and its implications for trade with the EU in the near future.
Volume (Year): (3)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.informatoreagrario.it/ita/riviste/Pagri/index.asp|
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Santeramo, Fabio Gaetano & Cioffi, Antonio, 2012.
"The entry price threshold in EU agriculture: Deterrent or barrier?,"
Journal of Policy Modeling,
Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 691-704.
- Santeramo, Fabio Gaetano & Cioffi, Antonio, 2012. "The entry price threshold in EU agriculture: deterrent or barrier?," MPRA Paper 36431, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Emlinger, Charlotte & Chevassus-Lozza, Emmanuelle & Jacquet, Florence, 2010. "Fruit and vegetable access to EU markets: Dissecting tariffs faced by Mediterranean countries," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 599-611, December.
- Antonio Cioffi & Fabio Gaetano Santeramo & Cosimo Damiano Vitale, 2011.
"The price stabilization effects of the EU entry price scheme for fruit and vegetables,"
International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 42(3), pages 405-418, 05.
- Cioffi, Antonio & Santeramo, Fabio Gaetano & Vitale, Cosimo, 2010. "The price stabilization effects of the EU entry price scheme for fruits and vegetables," MPRA Paper 24828, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- S. Narayan, 2009. "India," Chapters, in: The Political Economy of Trade Reform in Emerging Markets, chapter 7 Edward Elgar Publishing.
- Thomas Vollrath, 1991. "A theoretical evaluation of alternative trade intensity measures of revealed comparative advantage," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 127(2), pages 265-280, June.
- Krugman, Paul R., 1979. "Increasing returns, monopolistic competition, and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 469-479, November.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:eiapai:144401. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.