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Reducing food losses to protect domestic food security in the Middle East and North Africa

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  • Rutten, Martine
  • Kavallari, Aikaterini

Abstract

Food security policies are usually costly and involve trade-offs. We investigated this issue by simulating three policy responses to rising world food prices, using the MAGNET model applied to the Middle East and North Africa. A policy of tackling agricultural food losses increases food consumption at lower costs and prices, with welfare gains forming an upper bound of the costs of tackling agricultural food losses. Whilst trade-offs occur as resources are drawn from elsewhere, they outperform a policy of reducing import tariffs by boosting agricultural and overall growth much more. This leads to a reduced rather than increased import dependency, and higher welfare gains. A policy of stimulating equal-sized economic growth via manufacturing and services does worse regarding food prices, consumption and import dependency, but generates slightly higher welfare gains. Given their potential to improve food security, measures to tackle food losses in agriculture should focus on cost-effective solutions.

Suggested Citation

  • Rutten, Martine & Kavallari, Aikaterini, 2016. "Reducing food losses to protect domestic food security in the Middle East and North Africa," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 11(2), pages 1-13.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:afjare:241857
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.241857
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Benson, Todd & Minot, Nicholas & Pender, John & Robles, Miguel & von Braun, Joachim, 2013. "Information to guide policy responses to higher global food prices: The data and analyses required," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 47-58.
    2. Breisinger, Clemens & Ecker, Olivier & Perrihan, Al-Riffai & Yu, Bingxin, 2012. "Beyond the Arab awakening: Policies and investments for poverty reduction and food security [in Arabic]," Food policy reports 25ar, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. Breisinger, Clemens & Ecker, Olivier & Perrihan, Al-Riffai & Yu, Bingxin, 2012. "Beyond the Arab awakening: Policies and investments for poverty reduction and food security," Food policy reports 25, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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