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Beyond the Arab awakening: Policies and investments for poverty reduction and food security

Author

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  • Breisinger, Clemens
  • Ecker, Olivier
  • Perrihan, Al-Riffai
  • Yu, Bingxin

Abstract

This report aims to inform and stimulate the debate on key policy priorities for poverty reduction and food security in light of the Arab Awakening. Its findings are based on an innovative combination of datasets and rigorous economic analysis. Results suggest that poverty and income inequality in the Arab world are likely higher than official numbers have long suggested. Given that poverty indicators seem to be misleading for many countries in the region, the report introduces a new welfare measure reflecting food insecurity risks at both national and household levels to classify Arab countries into five risk groups. Regression analyses further show that, unlike in the rest of the world, manufacturing- and service sector–led growth, rather than agriculture-led growth, is most pro-poor in Arab countries. In addition, high levels of public spending in the Arab world do not do as much to stimulate growth as in other world regions, particularly in the case of education.

Suggested Citation

  • Breisinger, Clemens & Ecker, Olivier & Perrihan, Al-Riffai & Yu, Bingxin, 2012. "Beyond the Arab awakening: Policies and investments for poverty reduction and food security," Food policy reports 25, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:fprepo:25
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    File URL: http://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/pr25.pdf
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Rutten, Martine & Kavallari, Aikaterini, 2016. "Reducing food losses to protect domestic food security in the Middle East and North Africa," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 11(2), pages 1-13.
    2. Breisinger, Clemens & Ecker, Olivier & Al-Riffai, Perrihan & Engelke, Wilfried & Al-Bataly, Abdulmajeed, 2012. "Managing transition in Yemen: An assessment of the costs of conflict and development scenarios for the future," IFPRI discussion papers 1210, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. Astrid Sneyers, "undated". "Food, Drought and Conflict Evidence from a Case-Study on Somalia," HiCN Working Papers 252, Households in Conflict Network.
    4. Bordignon, Jacopo & Breisinger, Clemens, 2015. "Policy changes in times of crisis: Evidence from the Arab Spatial Policy Analyzer:," IFPRI discussion papers 1471, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    5. Al-Haboby, Azhr & Breisinger, Clemens & Debowicz, Darío & El-Hakim, Abdul Hussein & Ferguson, Jenna & van Rheenen, Teunis & Telleria, Roberto, 2014. "Agriculture for development in Iraq?: Estimating the impacts of achieving the agricultural targets of the national development plan 2013–2017 on economic growth, incomes, and gender equality:," IFPRI discussion papers 1349, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    6. Breisinger, Clemens & Ecker, Olivier, 2014. "Simulating economic growth effects on food and nutrition security in Yemen: A new macro–micro modeling approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 100-113.
    7. AfDB AfDB, . "The AfDB Group in North Africa 2014," Country Brochure, African Development Bank, number 2138.
    8. Abdelaziz, Fatma & Breisinger, Clemens, 2018. "A tale of two MENAs," PEGNet Policy Briefs 13/2018, PEGNet - Poverty Reduction, Equity and Growth Network, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    9. Maystadt, Jean-François & Trinh Tan, Jean-François & Breisinger, Clemens, 2014. "Does food security matter for transition in Arab countries?," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 106-115.
    10. AfDB AfDB, . "ORNA - North Africa - Annual Report 2014," Annual Report, African Development Bank, number 2139.
    11. Bush, Ray & Martiniello, Giuliano, 2017. "Food Riots and Protest: Agrarian Modernizations and Structural Crises," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 193-207.
    12. Serhat Asci & Ali Koç & Sukru Erdem, 2014. "The Impact of Non-tariff Measures on Agro-food Export between MENA Countries and the EU," SERMED 2014 Conference Papers p34, Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social.
    13. Ray Bush, 2016. "Family farming in the Near East and North Africa," Working Papers 151, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    14. Unknown, 2014. "The new EU agricultural policy - continuation or revolution?," Multiannual Program Reports 179498, Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics - National Research Institute (IAFE-NRI).
    15. Eckart Woertz & Martin Keulertz, 2015. "Food trade relations of the Middle East and North Africa with tropical countries," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 7(6), pages 1101-1111, December.

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