Do women behave more reciprocally than men? Gender differences in real effort dictator games
AbstractWe analyze dictator allocation decisions in an experiment where the recipients have to earn the pot to be divided with a real-effort task. As the recipients move before the dictators, their effort decisions resemble the first move in a trust game. Depending on the recipients' performance, the size of the pot is either high or low. We compare this real-effort treatment to a baseline treatment where the pot is a windfall gain and where a lottery determines the pot size. In the baseline treatment, reciprocity cannot play a role. We find that female dictators show reciprocity and decrease their taking-rates significantly in the real-effort treatment. This treatment effect is larger when female dictators make a decision on recipients who successfully generated a large pot compared to the case where the recipients performed poorly. By contrast, there is no treatment effect with male dictators, who generally exhibit more sefish behavior. --
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Heinrich‐Heine‐Universität Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE) in its series DICE Discussion Papers with number 24.
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Gender; Reciprocity; Dictator Game; Real Effort;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
- C91 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-08-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-CBE-2011-08-02 (Cognitive & Behavioural Economics)
- NEP-DEM-2011-08-02 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-EVO-2011-08-02 (Evolutionary Economics)
- NEP-EXP-2011-08-02 (Experimental Economics)
- NEP-GTH-2011-08-02 (Game Theory)
- NEP-LAB-2011-08-02 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-SOC-2011-08-02 (Social Norms & Social Capital)
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Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
- Do women behave more reciprocally than men? (Hint: yes)
by Nicholas Gruen in Club Troppo on 2011-08-03 02:28:41
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