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Explaining IMF Lending Decisions after the Cold War

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Abstract

This paper empirically investigates the economic and political factors that affect a country’s likelihood to sign an arrangement with the IMF and the determinants of the financial size of such a program. Arguably the world and the global financial architecture underwent structural changes after the ending of Cold War and so did the role of the IMF. Hence, we update and extend the work of Sturm et al. (2005) by employing a panel model for 165 countries that focuses on the post-Cold War era, i.e., 1990–2009. Our results, based on extreme bounds analysis, suggest that some economic and political variables are robustly related to these two dimensions of IMF program decisions. Furthermore, we show that it is important to distinguish between concessional and non-concessional IMF loans.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich in its series KOF Working papers with number 11-279.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:kof:wpskof:11-279

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Keywords: IMF; lending facilities; extreme bounds analysis;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Muhammet Bas & Randall Stone, 2014. "Adverse selection and growth under IMF programs," The Review of International Organizations, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 1-28, March.
  2. Doris A. Oberdabernig, 2012. "Revisiting the Effects of IMF Programs on Poverty and Inequality," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp144, Vienna University of Economics, Department of Economics.
  3. Rune Hagen, 2012. "Certified or branded?," The Review of International Organizations, Springer, vol. 7(2), pages 203-230, June.
  4. Joseph Joyce & Raul Razo-Garcia, 2011. "Reserves, quotas and the demand for international liquidity," The Review of International Organizations, Springer, vol. 6(3), pages 393-413, September.
  5. Silvia Marchesi & Laura Sabani, 2013. "Does it Take Two to Tango? Improving Cooperation between the IMF and the World Bank: Theory and Empirical Evidence," Development Working Papers 357, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  6. Axel Dreher & Jan-Egbert Sturm & Raymond Vreeland, 2013. "Politics and IMF Conditionality," KOF Working papers 13-338, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
  7. Dreher, Axel & Vreeland, James Raymond, 2011. "Buying votes and international organizations," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 123, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
  8. Stephanie Meinhard & Niklas Potrafke, 2011. "The Globalization-welfare State Nexus Reconsidered," Working Paper Series of the Department of Economics, University of Konstanz 2011-27, Department of Economics, University of Konstanz.
  9. Silvia Marchesi & Emanuela Sirtori, 2011. "Is two better than one? The effects of IMF and World Bank interaction on growth," The Review of International Organizations, Springer, vol. 6(3), pages 287-306, September.
  10. Presbitero, Andrea F. & Zazzaro, Alberto, 2012. "IMF Lending in Times of Crisis: Political Influences and Crisis Prevention," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(10), pages 1944-1969.
  11. Jochen Hartwig & Jan-Egbert Sturm, 2012. "An outlier-robust extreme bounds analysis of the determinants of health-care expenditure growth," KOF Working papers 12-307, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
  12. J. Broz, 2011. "The United States Congress and IMF financing, 1944–2009," The Review of International Organizations, Springer, vol. 6(3), pages 341-368, September.
  13. James Vreeland, 2011. "Foreign aid and global governance: Buying Bretton Woods – the Swiss-bloc case," The Review of International Organizations, Springer, vol. 6(3), pages 369-391, September.
  14. Ashoka Mody & Diego Saravia, 2013. "The Response Speed of the International Monetary Fund," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 692, Central Bank of Chile.

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