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Timing of College Enrollment and Family Formation Decisions

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  • Humlum, Maria Knoth

    ()
    (Aarhus University)

  • Kristoffersen, Jannie H. G.

    ()
    (CEBR, Copenhagen)

  • Vejlin, Rune Majlund

    ()
    (Aarhus University)

Abstract

The level of progression of an individual's educational or labor market career is a potentially important factor for family formation decisions. We address this issue by considering the effects of a particular college admission system on family formation. We show that the admission system affects mainly the timing of college enrollment and not the college-going decision. As such, we consider a specific type of career interruption and its consequences for relationship formation and fertility decisions. Specifically, we employ a regression discontinuity design based on the college admission system to estimate the effect of being above the admission requirement in the year of application on later family formation decisions. We find that the admission system has substantial effects on the timing of family formation and, specifically, that the timing of college enrollment is an important determinant hereof. This suggests that career interruptions such as delays in the educational system can have large effects on family decision-making.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7905.

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Length: 49 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7905

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Keywords: fertility; education policy; career interruptions; delayed college enrollment; regression discontinuity;

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References

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  1. Margherita Fort & Nichole Schneeweis & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, 2011. "More Schooling, More Children: Compulsory Schooling Reforms and Fertility in Europe," NRN working papers, The Austrian Center for Labor Economics and the Analysis of the Welfare State, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria 2011-11, The Austrian Center for Labor Economics and the Analysis of the Welfare State, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
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  14. Grönqvist, Hans & Hall, Caroline, 2013. "Education policy and early fertility: Lessons from an expansion of upper secondary schooling," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 13-33.
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  19. James Feyrer & Bruce Sacerdote & Ariel Dora Stern, 2008. "Will the Stork Return to Europe and Japan? Understanding Fertility within Developed Nations," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 22(3), pages 3-22, Summer.
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Cited by:
  1. Cygan-Rehm, Kamila & Maeder, Miriam, 2013. "The effect of education on fertility: Evidence from a compulsory schooling reform," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 35-48.

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