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More Schooling, More Children: Compulsory Schooling Reforms and Fertility in Europe

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  • Fort, Margherita

    ()
    (University of Bologna)

  • Schneeweis, Nicole

    ()
    (University of Linz)

  • Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf

    ()
    (University of Linz)

Abstract

We study the relationship between education and fertility, exploiting compulsory schooling reforms in Europe as source of exogenous variation in education. Using data from 8 European countries, we assess the causal effect of education on the number of biological kids and the incidence of childlessness. We find that more education causes a substantial decrease in childlessness and an increase in the average number of children per woman. Our findings are robust to a number of falsification checks and we can provide complementary empirical evidence on the mechanisms leading to these surprising results.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6015.

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Length: 43 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2011
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Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6015

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Keywords: instrumental variables; education; fertility;

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