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The Effect of Compulsory Schooling Laws on Teenage Marriage and Births in Turkey

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Author Info

  • Kirdar, Murat G.

    ()
    (Middle East Technical University)

  • Dayioglu-Tayfur, Meltem

    ()
    (Middle East Technical University)

  • Koc, Ismet

    ()
    (Hacettepe University)

Abstract

This paper estimates the impact of the extension of compulsory schooling in Turkey from 5 to 8 years on the marriage and fertility behavior of teenage women in Turkey using the 2008 Turkish Demographic and Health Survey. We find that the new education policy reduces the probability of marriage and giving birth for teenage women substantially: the probability of marriage by age 16 is reduced by 44 percent and the probability of giving birth by age 17 falls by 36 percent. The effects of the education policy on the time until marriage and first-birth persist beyond the completion of compulsory schooling. In addition, we find that the delay in the time until first-birth is driven by the delay in the time until marriage. After a woman is married, the rise in compulsory schooling years does not have an effect on the duration until her first-birth. Finally, we find that the education policy was more effective in reducing early marriage than a change in the Civil Code aimed for this purpose.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5887.

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Length: 49 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5887

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Keywords: fertility; education; compulsory schooling; age at marriage;

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Cited by:
  1. Luigi Aldieri & Concetto Paolo Vinci, 2012. "Education and fertility: an investigation into Italian families," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 39(4), pages 254-236, March.
  2. Aldieri, Luigi & Vinci, Concetto Paolo, 2011. "Education and fertility: an investigation on Italian families," MPRA Paper 31392, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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