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The Trend over Time of the Gender Wage Gap in Italy

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  • Mussida, Chiara

    ()
    (Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore)

  • Picchio, Matteo

    ()
    (Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona)

Abstract

We analyse gender wage inequalities in Italy in the mid-1990s and in the mid-2000s. In this period important labour market developments occurred: institutional changes have loosened the use of flexible and atypical contracts; the female employment rates and educational levels have substantially increased. We identify the time trends of different components of the gender wage gap by estimating wage distributions in the presence of covariates and sample selection and by counterfactual microsimulations. We find that women swam against the tide: whilst the trend in female qualifications slightly reduced the gender wage gap, the gender relative trends in the wage structure significantly increased it.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5932.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Empirical Economics, 2014, 46 (3), 1081-1110
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5932

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Keywords: decompositions; counterfactual distributions; gender wage gap; labour market reforms; hazard function;

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  1. Blundell, Richard William & Gosling, Amanda & Ichimura, Hidehiko & Meghir, Costas, 2004. "Changes in the Distribution of Male and Female Wages Accounting for Employment Composition Using Bounds," CEPR Discussion Papers 4705, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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Cited by:
  1. Chiara MUSSIDA & Matteo PICCHIO, 2012. "The Gender Wage Gap by Education in Italy," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2012008, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).

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