Education and wage differentials by gender in Italy
AbstractThe most recent literature on wage differentials highlights the need to evaluate the wage gap at different points of the wage distribution rather than at the average value alone. In this work we use quantile regressions and an adaptation of the procedure suggested by Machado and Mata (2005) to derive the predicted and counterfactual female wage distributions and to evaluate the extension of the unexplained part of the wage gap. We use data from the last available cross-section of the European Community Household Panel (2001). We show that in Italy the wage gap due to gender differences in the rewards to productive characteristics is higher in correspondence with the extremes of the female wage distribution, suggesting the presence of strong glass ceiling and sticky floor patterns. Controlling for different educational levels, we find that low-educated women suffer a higher unexplained wage gap along the whole distribution. However, we detect a strong sticky floor effect among low-educated women and some evidence of a glass ceiling pattern among highly-educated female workers.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by CHILD - Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic economics - ITALY in its series CHILD Working Papers with number wp04_07.
Length: 45 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2007
Date of revision:
Human capital; Gender wage gap; Discrimination;
Other versions of this item:
- Tindara Addabbo & Donata Favaro, 2009. "Education and wage differentials by gender in Italy," Center for Economic Research (RECent) 036, University of Modena and Reggio E., Dept. of Economics.
- J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2007-08-14 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2007-08-14 (Education)
- NEP-EEC-2007-08-14 (European Economics)
- NEP-HRM-2007-08-14 (Human Capital & Human Resource Management)
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- Yolanda Pena-Boquete & Sergio De Stefanis & Manuel Fernandez-Grela, 2010. "The distribution of gender wage discrimination in Italy and Spain: a comparison using the ECHP," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 31(2), pages 109-137, May.
- Mussida, Chiara & Picchio, Matteo, 2011.
"The Trend over Time of the Gender Wage Gap in Italy,"
IZA Discussion Papers
5932, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Chiara MUSSIDA & Matteo PICCHIO, 2011. "The Trend over Time of the Gender Wage Gap in Italy," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2011031, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
- Mussida, C. & Picchio, M., 2011. "The Trend over Time of the GenderWage Gap in Italy," Discussion Paper 2011-093, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
- Noe', Chiara, 2009. "Subject of degree and the gender wage gap: Evidence from Italy," MPRA Paper 47289, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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