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The Trend over Time of the Gender Wage Gap in Italy

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  • Chiara MUSSIDA

    ()
    (Department of Economics and Social Sciences, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Piacenza, Italy)

  • Matteo PICCHIO

    ()
    (Department of Economics, CentER, ReflecT, Tilburg University, The Netherlands and IZA, Germany)

Abstract

We analyse gender wage inequalities in Italy in the mid-1990s and in the mid-2000s. In this period important labour market developments occurred: institutional changes have loosened the use of flexible and atypical contracts; the female employment rates and educational levels have substantially increased. We identify the time trends of different components of the gender wage gap by estimating wage distributions in the presence of covariates and sample selection and by counterfactual microsimulations. We find that women swam against the tide: whilst the trend in female qualifications slightly reduced the gender wage gap, the gender relative trends in the wage structure significantly increased it.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) with number 2011031.

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Length: 33
Date of creation: 17 Aug 2011
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Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvir:2011031

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Keywords: gender wage gap; counterfactual distributions; decompositions; hazard function; labour market reforms;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Mussida, C. & Picchio, M., 2012. "The Gender Wage Gap by Education in Italy," Discussion Paper 2012-021, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.

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