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Orchestrating Impartiality: The Impact of "Blind" Auditions on Female Musicians

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  • Cecilia Rouse
  • Claudia Goldin

Abstract

A change in the audition procedures of symphony orchestras--adoption of "blind" auditions with a "screen" to conceal the candidate's identity from the jury--provides a test for sex-biased hiring. Using data from actual auditions, in an individual fixed-effects framework, we find that the screen increases the probability a woman will be advanced and hired. Although some of our estimates have large standard errors and there is one persistent effect in the opposite direction, the weight of the evidence suggests that the blind audition procedure fostered impartiality in hiring and increased the proportion women in symphony orchestras.

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File URL: http://www.aeaweb.org/articles.php?doi=10.1257/aer.90.4.715
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by American Economic Association in its journal American Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 90 (2000)
Issue (Month): 4 (September)
Pages: 715-741

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Handle: RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:90:y:2000:i:4:p:715-741

Note: DOI: 10.1257/aer.90.4.715
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  1. Freeman, Richard B, 1984. "Longitudinal Analyses of the Effects of Trade Unions," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 2(1), pages 1-26, January.
  2. Harry Holzer & David Neumark, 1996. "Are Affirmative Action Hires Less Qualified? Evidence from Employer-Employee Data on New Hires," NBER Working Papers 5603, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Kenney, Genevieve M & Wissoker, Douglas A, 1994. "An Analysis of the Correlates of Discrimination Facing Young Hispanic Job-Seekers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(3), pages 674-83, June.
  4. David Neumark & Roy J. Bank & Kyle D. Van Nort, 1995. "Sex Discrimination in Restaurant Hiring: An Audit Study," NBER Working Papers 5024, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Paula England, 1982. "The Failure of Human Capital Theory to Explain Occupational Sex Segregation," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 17(3), pages 358-370.
  6. Blank, Rebecca M, 1991. "The Effects of Double-Blind versus Single-Blind Reviewing: Experimental Evidence from The American Economic Review," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(5), pages 1041-67, December.
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  1. Google’s promotion policy sucks for women
    by Cathy O'Neil, mathbabe in Mathbabe on 2012-05-18 10:57:34
  2. Women Are Still Discriminated Against in Science
    by Rose Eveleth in Smart News on 2012-09-21 14:06:39
  3. Three Reasons Men Should Read Lean In
    by Nilofer Merchant in HBR Blog Network on 2013-03-11 19:00:36
  4. Gender-blind faculty searches
    by ? in Dynamic Ecology on 2013-11-19 11:55:00
  5. Gender-blind faculty searches
    by ? in Dynamic Ecology on 2013-11-19 11:55:00
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