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Women Move Differently: Job Separations and Gender

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  • Hirsch, Boris

    ()
    (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)

  • Schnabel, Claus

    ()
    (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)

Abstract

Using a large German linked employer-employee data set and methods of competing risks analysis, this paper investigates gender differences in job separation rates to employment and nonemployment. In line with descriptive evidence, we find lower job-to-job and higher job-to-nonemployment transition probabilities for women than men when controlling for individual and workplace characteristics and unobserved plant heterogeneity. These differences vanish once we allow these characteristics to affect separations differently by gender. When additionally controlling for wages, we find that both separation rates are considerably lower and also significantly less wage-elastic for women than for men.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5154.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of Labor Research, 2012, 33 (4), 417-442
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5154

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Keywords: job separations; gender; gender pay gap; Germany;

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References

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  1. Hirsch, Boris & Schank, Thorsten & Schnabel, Claus, 2009. "Work councils and separations: voice, monopoly, and insurance effects," Discussion Papers 62, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  2. Gerard J. van den Berg & Geert Ridder, 1998. "An Empirical Equilibrium Search Model of the Labor Market," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 66(5), pages 1183-1222, September.
  3. Fabien Postel-Vinay & Jean-Marc Robin, 2002. "Equilibrium Wage Dispersion with Worker and Employer Heterogeneity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 70(6), pages 2295-2350, November.
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  5. Pencavel, John H, 1972. "Wages, Specific Training, and Labor Turnover in US Manufacturing Industries," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 13(1), pages 53-64, February.
  6. Boris Hirsch & Thorsten Schank & Claus Schnabel, 2010. "Differences in Labor Supply to Monopsonistic Firms and the Gender Pay Gap: An Empirical Analysis Using Linked Employer-Employee Data from Germany," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 28(2), pages 291-330, 04.
  7. Mark C. Berger & Dan A. Black, 1996. "The Duration of Medicaid Spells: An Analysis Using Flow and Stock Samples," HEW, EconWPA 9604003, EconWPA.
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  9. Frederiksen, Anders & Honore, Bo E. & Hu, Luojia, 2007. "Discrete time duration models with group-level heterogeneity," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 141(2), pages 1014-1043, December.
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  11. Barth, Erling & Dale-Olsen, Harald, 2009. "Monopsonistic discrimination, worker turnover, and the gender wage gap," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 589-597, October.
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  15. Loprest, Pamela J, 1992. "Gender Differences in Wage Growth and Job Mobility," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 82(2), pages 526-32, May.
  16. Susanne Kohaut & Claus Schnabel, 2003. "Tarifverträge - nein danke!?, Ausmaß und Einflussfaktoren der Tarifbindung west- und ostdeutscher Betriebe," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 223(3), pages 312-331, May.
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  18. Royalty, Anne Beeson, 1998. "Job-to-Job and Job-to-Nonemployment Turnover by Gender and Education Level," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(2), pages 392-443, April.
  19. Alda, Holger & Bender, Stefan & Gartner, Hermann, 2005. "The linked employer-employee dataset of the IAB (LIAB)," IAB Discussion Paper 200506, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  20. Ridder, G. & Tunali, I., 1997. "Stratified Partial Likelihood Estimation," Papers, Koc University 1997/17, Koc University.
  21. Boris Hirsch, 2009. "The Gender Pay Gap Under Duopsony: Joan Robinson Meets Harold Hotelling," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 56(5), pages 543-558, November.
  22. Michael R Ransom & Ronald L. Oaxaca, 2010. "New Market Power Models and Sex Differences in Pay," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 28(2), pages 267-289, 04.
  23. repec:dgr:uvatin:2098089 is not listed on IDEAS
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Citations

Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Women stay longer
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2010-09-28 14:20:00
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Cited by:
  1. Eryar, Değer & Tekgüç, Hasan, 2013. "Gender effect in explaining the mobility patterns in the labor market: a Case study from Turkey," MPRA Paper 46006, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Hirsch, Boris & Mueller, Steffen, 2014. "Firm leadership and the gender pay gap: do active owners discriminate more than hired managers?," Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 47(1-2), pages 129-142.
  3. Schnitzlein, Daniel D., 2011. "How important is cultural background for the level of intergenerational mobility?," IWQW Discussion Paper Series 06/2011, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Institut für Wirtschaftspolitik und Quantitative Wirtschaftsforschung (IWQW).
  4. Hirsch, Boris & Schnabel, Claus, 2011. "Let's take bargaining models seriously: The decline in union power in Germany, 1992 - 2009," IWQW Discussion Paper Series 10/2011, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Institut für Wirtschaftspolitik und Quantitative Wirtschaftsforschung (IWQW).
  5. Hirsch, Boris & Oberfichtner, Michael & Schnabel, Claus, 2014. "The levelling effect of product market competition on gender wage discrimination," Discussion Papers 94, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  6. Hirsch, Boris & Oberfichtner, Michael & Schnabel, Claus, 2014. "The Levelling Effect of Product Market Competition on Gender Wage Discrimination," IZA Discussion Papers 8317, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Tinkl, Fabian, 2010. "A note on Hadamard differentiability and differentiability in quadratic mean," IWQW Discussion Paper Series 08/2010, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Institut für Wirtschaftspolitik und Quantitative Wirtschaftsforschung (IWQW).

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  1. Economic Logic blog

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