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Gender effect in explaining the mobility patterns in the labor market: a Case study from Turkey

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  • Eryar, Değer
  • Tekgüç, Hasan

Abstract

This paper examines the importance of gender on different job mobility patterns using an extensive household survey data from İzmir, third largest city in Turkey. The determinants of job-to-job and job-to-non-employment transitions are analyzed with the help of a multinomial logit estimation method. The results indicate that there is a distinction regarding the probability of job mobility patterns based on gender. It is more likely for women to be engaged in job-to-non-employment transition, whereas men tend to switch jobs more often. Although gender plays a significant role regarding job mobility patterns, traditionally imposed social constraints associated with childcare and household duties provide us with mixed results considering the behavior of women in the job market. On the other hand, having high-paid and secure jobs decreases the probability of both patterns of job mobility.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 46006.

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Date of creation: Apr 2013
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:46006

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Keywords: Turkey; job mobility; gender effect;

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  1. Hirsch, Boris & Schnabel, Claus, 2010. "Women Move Differently: Job Separations and Gender," IZA Discussion Papers 5154, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Frederiksen, Anders, 2006. "Gender Differences in Job Separation Rates and Employment Stability: New Evidence from Employer-Employee Data," IZA Discussion Papers 2147, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Tasci, H. Mehmet & Tansel, Aysit, 2005. "Unemployment and Transitions in the Turkish Labor Market: Evidence from Individual Level Data," IZA Discussion Papers 1663, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Bergin, Adele, 2009. "Job Mobility in Ireland," Papers, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) RB2009/2/5, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  5. Tansel, Aysit & Kan, Elif Oznur, 2012. "Labor Mobility across the Formal/Informal Divide in Turkey: Evidence from Individual Level Data," IZA Discussion Papers 6271, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Joni Hersch & Leslie S. Stratton, 1997. "Housework, Fixed Effects, and Wages of Married Workers," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 32(2), pages 285-307.
  7. Gary S. Becker, 1962. "Investment in Human Capital: A Theoretical Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 9.
  8. Parsons, Donald O, 1991. "The Job Search Behavior of Employed Youth," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 73(4), pages 597-604, November.
  9. Theodossiou, I. & Zangelidis, A., 2009. "Should I stay or should I go? The effect of gender, education and unemployment on labour market transitions," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 566-577, October.
  10. Kristen Keith & Abagail McWilliams, 1995. "The wage effects of cumulative job mobility," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 49(1), pages 121-137, October.
  11. Royalty, Anne Beeson, 1998. "Job-to-Job and Job-to-Nonemployment Turnover by Gender and Education Level," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(2), pages 392-443, April.
  12. Kristen Keith & Abagail McWilliams, 1999. "The Returns to mobility and job search by gender," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 52(3), pages 460-477, April.
  13. Cem Baslevent & Ozlem Onaran, 2003. "Are Married Women in Turkey More Likely to Become Added or Discouraged Workers?," LABOUR, CEIS, CEIS, vol. 17(3), pages 439-458, 09.
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